Yangtze River Three Gorges Project is essentially a huge ecological engineering, there are significant ecological benefits, which enables the vast, rich HUA Zhong-ping of the original is no longer threatened by the flood, and ecological order and move toward a virtuous circle, plain lake ecosystem to reach a new relatively stable. The construction of the Three Gorges Project is based on such a serious understanding.
The main purpose of the construction of the Three Gorges Project is flood control in order to solve the issue of the urgency and necessity. As everyone knows, China because of flooding damage to the national economy is very heavy, including the Yangtze River is China's worst floods in one of the areas, particularly in middle and lower reaches of the worst. According to historical records, from the Han Dynasty to the Qing in 2000, major floods in the Yangtze River have occurred 214 times. In this century, the Yangtze River occurred three times of serious flooding, a total of 1.2 million mu of land flooded, drowning 317,000 people, only a flood in 1954, direct losses amounted to 100 billion yuan, indirect economic losses can not be estimated. Therefore, how to control flooding in the Yangtze River has become since the founding of New China, the Yangtze River Water Conservancy work a priority. The main purpose of the construction of the Three Gorges Project is to flood control, but it will also generate electricity, shipping and other aspects of comprehensive benefits.
The Three Gorges Project plans to put forward so far, passed 70 years. Study for the project, not only of China's scientific community, the engineering of several generations to pay a lot of energy and effort, the former Soviet Union, the United States, Canada and other countries, many experts have also participated in the project planning, design research and consulting work. The input strength is strong, heavy workload in the world rated as rare in the history of engineering.
April 3, 1992, according to the fifth session of the Seventh National People's Congress Li Peng, the Prime Minister's proposal of "the State Council for the construction of the Three Gorges Project's motion", voted to adopt a "construction of the Three Gorges Project on the resolution" formally approved the projects included in the national economic and social development in 10-year plan.
"People's Daily" (19,971,103 Second Edition)
2 dam project near the end (2002.9)
The temporary ship lock of Three Gorges Dam
Beautiful Xiling Yangtze River Bridge