Jokhang Temple claims one of the oldest buildings in tibet. It is the joint effort
of the Han And Tibetan people. It said that when Princess Wen Cheng came to imspect
the landform of Lhasa, she drew the conslusion hat the Wuotang Lake was the heart
of the devil. It was them filled with the earth carried by white goats. To comemorate
the white goats, the temple was named "Ruosha" meaning "goat carring
earth" in Tibetan, Then the name developed into "Lhasa" meaning
the holy land.
In the central hall on the first floor, there is a gold sitting
statue of a 12-year old Sakyamuni, brought in by Princess Wen Cheng. It is one
of the most precious antique in tbiet. In the temle, they also
keep the portrays of Buddha in silk from the tang Dynasty, the pearl gown and
gold lamp from the Ming Dynasty as well as the painting by the famous painters
several hundreds of year ago. The stone Tablet of Unity between the tang Dynasty
and Tubo kingdom with the inscriptions both in
Chinese and Tibetan was erected in 823. It marks the riendship between the Chinese
and Tibetans. The willow tree beside the Tablet, called Tang Willow, is said to
be planted personally by Princess Wen Cheng and the Tubo King Srontsan
Gamoi. There are 5 big coper pots for making tea for 5,000 people in the front
of the temple. They are so big that when cleaning them, ladders have to be use.
In 1409 Zongkaba, the founder of the Yellow Sect of tibetan Buddhism, originated
the Geat Prayer Festival. The debate between the candida-tes for the degree of
"Guoxi" was conducted among the Yellow Sect Buddhists. For more than
1,000 years, the Jokhang Temple remains to be the favourite spot for the worshippers
from far and near.