Hebei Province, Hebei short, located at longitude 113 ° 04 'to 119 ° 53', latitude 36 ° 01 'to 42 ° 37', located in the north, Zhang north, east Bohai Sea around Beijing, the Taihang Mountains to the west, north Yanshan Mountains, north of the Yanshan Zhangbei plateau, the rest is plain, an area of 184700 sq km, population 70 million, 6 billion in 2008 GDP1 million. The province's highest peak Xiaowutai (elevation 2882 m), 43% of the plain less than 100 meters above sea level. Adjacent to the east of Tianjin and the Bohai Sea Jinbang, southeast, south title Shandong and Henan provinces, the West Hill neighborhood of the Taihang Mountains in Shanxi Province, northwest, north junction with Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, northeastern Liaoning border. The provincial capital of Shijiazhuang, the provincial government Yuhua Road in Shijiazhuang City.
Hebei is a temperate - warm, humid - semi-arid continental monsoon climate characterized by cold and less snow in winter, hot and rainy summer; spring and more sand, clear and crisp. Average annual temperature in the 4-13 degrees Celsius, -14 --- 2 degrees Celsius in January, July 20 - 27 degrees Celsius, generally southeast to northwest, around the annual range of temperature, daily range is large the annual frost-free period 110-220 days. The province's average annual rainfall distribution is very uneven, the annual variability is also great. The annual average precipitation generally 400-800 mm. Yanshan and Taihang Mountains south east of the windward slope, the formation of the two rainy areas, Zhang north side at the inland plateau, precipitation usually less than 400 mm. Summer rain often in the form of precipitation, July 29, 1966 Zunhua 327.9 mm of rainfall, maximum daily precipitation for the province. Less spring rainfall, drought and summer floods on agricultural production greater threat.
Hebei is an important grain and cotton producing areas. More than 1 million mu of arable land available, most of the region three years of crops can be cooked, but very different all over the farming system. The province's grain acreage of arable land more than eighty percent of the total area, the main crops are: wheat, corn, sorghum, millet, potato and so on. The most important cash crops of cotton, cotton producing province is an important base. Shijiazhuang, south of the county produce concentrated, Su said, "Jinan Cotton sea." In addition, oil, hemp, sugar beet, tobacco is also important, together with the cotton crop for the province five economies. Livestock farming industry is the province after the important agricultural sector. Hebei is one of the important fishing grounds to the coastal fishing are the main center of Qinhuangdao. Province is rich chestnut, apricot, persimmon, pear and other fruits. Major coal mines have Kailuan, Jingxing, peak and so many products are part of the output abroad. Dominated by thermal power electric power industry to form a Han Xing, Shijiazhuang and other power grid, also participated in the composition of Beijing-Tianjin-Zhang Tang power grid. Stone of traditional handicrafts are Quyang, Zhangbei saddle, Yasumizu Yan and so on.
History and Culture in Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, outside the two cities, is the capital of the gateway leading to the field, since ancient times, that is to be in Gyeonggi Province. As the Qing royal family "outing" place, Chengde, Hebei Province, northeast China's historical and cultural city named after the first one, here are the largest imperial Qing Dynasty classical garden Chengde, China's largest imperial temple complex - "outside Eight temple, "a place of Qing Dynasty royal hunting - Hunting, as well as the size of the existing one of the largest imperial tomb group - Eastern Qing Tombs. Hebei province is China's cultural relics, there are 58 national key cultural relics protection units, ranking first in the country, there is the famous Iron Lion of Cangzhou, Dingzhou tower, Zhaozhou stone bridge, positive to Great Bodhisattva.
In the long history behind the monuments, Hebei Province, there are some beautiful natural landscape: Beidaihe, Nandaihe natural coastal scenery, the vast magnificent prairie, mus Laishui Yesanpo, rugged yet beautiful stone peaks Rock ... ... mountains, water, grassland scenery matched all complementary to each other, for "Hebei Earth," added a lot of color.
Tourism is located in the North China Plain in northern Hebei wedding day, a warm temperate continental monsoon climate. January average temperature of -21-2 ℃, 7 18 a month 27 ℃. Seasons change significantly, the winter cold and dry, hot summer, rainy, windy spring, a short autumn cool and pleasant.
Hebei traffic information is east, south and southwest area connection "Three North" (Northeast, Northwest, North China) the hub of the region and the flow of transit goods, but also the "Three North" areas important to the sea, but also connecting the capital Beijing transport hub around the country. Hebei Province has formed the land, sea and air integrated transport network.
Air Shijiazhuang in Hebei, Qinhuangdao, Xingtai have airports. Shijiazhuang, which is approved by the state civil airports airport international port has opened 27 routes in 27 cities around the country, flights to Shijiazhuang and Beijing, Zhengzhou, Changsha, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai and other areas pick up, but also open there is a Beijing Chengde, Qinhuangdao, Beijing, a seasonal tourist routes. Shanhaiguan Airport in Qinhuangdao, Hebei has 15 routes, accessible in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, more than a dozen cities.
Hebei, Beijing-Guangzhou railway territory, Jingshan, Jinpu, Shi-Tai, Shi-De, Beijing-Baotou, Beijing-Qinhuangdao, Beijing and other 15 former railway lines, because the special geographical location in Hebei, it is the capital city of Beijing in the territory of the entire circumference, so from Beijing south of the trains through the territory of Hebei. North China Plain, Shijiazhuang Railway Station is a railway hub, and every tourist season, from Beijing to Chengde, Hebei, Qinhuangdao Beidaihe, Yesanpo and other famous scenic spots have opened a tourist train for a trip has provided a great convenience.
Mastery of Beijing in Hebei province highway must pass through, the highway mileage of over 40000 km. The highway through the territory of Hebei are four, namely, Beijing-Shanghai high-speed, Beijing-Shijiazhuang Expressway, Beijing-Shenyang Expressway, as well as the center in Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, west to the east to the Huanghua stone too, Shi Hua speed. National Road has more than ten, respectively to the northeast over the country, Inner Mongolia, Shandong, Shanxi, Henan and other places. (Report: After the main highway in Hebei Province and State Road)
Water Hebei East near the Bohai Sea, the sea is very convenient, the province has Qinhuangdao Port, Jingtang Port, Tianjin Port and Huanghua Port is under construction, among which, the Qinhuangdao Port in mainland China coastal port 2 port is not in North China frozen harbor, the harbor can be parked tons of seagoing vessels, Datong, Shanxi, Hebei Kailuan important output of the coal port.
The province south of Canal, Ziya River, Fuyang River, Great River-based inland navigable mileage of 1000 kilometers.
Dining to Hebei, many in the sample local cuisine in addition, be aware that wines produced in Hebei is still a place where the Great Wall dry fruity white wine, clean and clear, is the wine in the top grade, in addition to Changli wide red wine Cabernet Sauvignon are the ancient hill tribute wine, liquor, and Liu Ling Xu water fish, sea turtle is the famous wine, wine, pour a few glasses of small wish.
Hebei Shijiazhuang features dishes with braised chicken, Raoyang Zamian, honey, cannabis Tangshan, Baoding Lu Ji Ma old chicken shop, Yecheng Palace side, Baoding Huai Mao pickles, shrimp Bohai Sea, Qinhuangdao crab, egg, and so Baiyangdian, In addition, there Cangzhou golden silk jujube, Zhaozhou snowflake, white milk Xuanhua grapes, chestnuts and other specialty Tokyo.
Hebei opera entertainment has a long history, visitors to the Hebei old can enjoy unheard of opera. Many of the popular opera in Hebei, Kuniko, Hebei, Beijing Opera, String show, Henan, JinJu, Lvju, pendant drama, etc., which is in Hebei Hebei Kuniko major local operas, singing high-pitched excitement of their traditional repertoire with "Conquers "" Lotus Lantern "and so on.
In addition, Hebei's shadow, lion dance and acrobatics have a very high level, the occasion of tourists sightseeing tour, Do not miss these contain the essence of ancient Chinese culture, traditional programs.
Shopping Qi Zhou (now Yasukuni), said "drug state", the annual exchange of the General Assembly to hold a national medicine. Hengshui Laobaigan, Shacheng dry white wine, music and so are the National Taiwan University, Handan wine industry. Tangshan, the "Northern porcelain," said its "bone china" succeeds in. Quyang Ding, Department of the ancient one of the five famous kilns, this number has antique masterpiece. Quyang stone carving, wood carving Chengde, Hengshui, snuff bottles, Qinhuangdao, shell carving, Baiyangdian reed, willow Dengjun Gu'an prestigious. Snowflake produced in Zhao Xian, Yecheng, beam deer and other places. Pear produced in Tianjin Ting County, positive, cross river and other places. Deep Peach State, Pa on the plateau mushroom, Chestnuts, Yu Long red fruits, Jinan blood Qi (wolfberry), hope is "horn peppers." Xuanhua known as the "Grape City" reputation, especially in horse breast grapes better.