Henan, referred to as "Yu", the provincial capital of Zhengzhou. Is located in east central China, the Yellow River, in longitude 110 ° 21 '~ 116 ° 39', latitude 31 ° 23 '~ 36 ° 22' between the east to west about 580 km about 550 km north-south. 1, the province's 67000 square kilometers of land area (No. 17 in the nation, accounting for 1.74% of total area), the end of 2008 the total population of 9918 million people, ranking first in the country. Henan is the most important Chinese civilization and the birthplace of the Chinese nation. Both the traditional agricultural Henan province and the most populated province, is the emerging economic giants and industrial provinces. Shaolin Temple, Longmen Grottoes, hometown of the Yellow Emperor, Millennium City, the Yin Ruins, and Yuntaishan, Baiyun Mountain, Mountain, Shiren Mountain, Henan Jigongshan more famous tourist attractions.
Henan is a major birthplace of the Chinese nation is one of the forefathers of our life and business place in history, there have been more than 20 dynasties established their capitals here. China's seven ancient capital, the ancient capital of the Shang Dynasty in Anyang, Luoyang, the ancient capital of nine dynasties, seven are located in the ancient capital of Kaifeng in Henan, in addition to Shangqiu, Nanyang, Zhengzhou, and other state-level historical and cultural city. Far from four thousand years ago in the Neolithic Age, the Central Plains people to create the famous "Peiligang", "Yangshao" and "Longshan culture."
Henan Songshan Zhongyue natural landscape and the Yellow River main group of the natural landscape. Yellow River flows through Henan, forming a blue waves of the Sanmenxia Reservoir and the magnificent resort of the Yellow River, more river 14 meters above ground Kaifeng "hanging river" spectacle. Luoyang, Longmen, Xinyang Jigongshan key scenic spot in China, in addition to 15 provincial-level scenic spots, nature reserves 17.
Names of most of the central plains of Henan is the cradle of many at home and abroad every year to the roots of Chinese ancestor worship.
Henan, the main historical and cultural birthplace of the Chinese nation. Tianbao, old times, Talents in large numbers. Far from four thousand years ago in the Neolithic Age, the Central Plains people to create the famous "Peiligang", "Yangshao" and "Longshan culture." This has bred a thinker of ancient China Lier, Zhuangzi, politicians Shang Yang, Li Si, scientists Zhang Heng, Medical Saint Zhongjing, writer Han Yu, philosopher Cheng Hao, Cheng Yi, as well as national hero Yue Fei Ji Hongchang, Yang Jingyu, Peng Xuefeng , more than 1000 historical figures such as Deng Yingchao. In the long history, Henan in China's political, military, economic, cultural, has always occupied an important position. There have been 20 dynasties established their capitals or moved the capital of Henan, Henan, China's seven ancient capitals to hold three (Luoyang, Kaifeng and Anyang.)
This land in Henan, has staged scenes drama of history, such as King Wu, Zhou public Luo, hegemony Spring and Autumn Warring States crowded, Liu Xiang Yu confrontation, Guangwu Liuxiu Xing Han, Wei Chung Yuan Christian hero, Gang Sui W riots, Kuangyin Chen Qiaobing change, Yue Fei Jin fight hard against, Li Zi Cheng Zhongyuan bloody, Jing-Han "February" storm, Liu and Deng Zhongyuan advance and so on. Vicissitudes of history, all in the Central Plains left deep marks.
Henan has a long history, splendid culture, is one of the cradles of ancient civilization. Nanzhao Yunyang from the town of fossils found in ancient human molars, together with Mianchi, Xuchang, Anyang and other places of various Paleolithic unearthed to prove that four or five million years ago, there has been human habitation. Peiligang seven or eight thousand years ago (in Xinzheng County), five or six thousand years ago Yangshao (Mianchi County border), four thousand years ago, the Longshan culture, the Neolithic cultural sites, has found that as many as one thousand . Henan Province in the late primitive society that the culture has reached a certain height. Its history, the Xia Dynasty capital in Henan where there Yangcheng (Dengfeng), Clan (Yu County), Royal Hill (Puyang) and other places. Shang Dynasty moved the capital to 7 times, 4 times in Henan Province, Anyang Yin Ruins is the site of the famous late Shang Dynasty capital. Western Zhou Dynasty in Luoyang for the East are, to create for the city of King City and into the week, in Henan province tens of packet vassal state. Spring and Autumn Period, the territory is Qin, Jin, Chu, Song, Wei, Zheng, Chen, Cai Asia. Warring States Period is a Han, Wei, Zhao, Chu Jiang. Qin unified China, set up the county, county. Henan belong Sanchuan, Ying Chuan, Nanyang, Hanoi, Xie, ita, and Dang County 7 County. Han Cheng Qin system, still based county and county levels, and the implementation of packet feudal kingdoms and counties directly under the Central staggered distribution. In order to strengthen the county, state control, turn the country into Sili Xiaowei Department of the Ministry and 13 prefectural governor, but the actual monitoring zone. Department of Henan Province and belong to Sili Xiaowei Yu, Yan, Jing Ji 4 state jurisdiction, with Hongnong, Hanoi, Henan, Yingchuan, Runan, Chenliu, Nanyang and Huaiyang and Liang Weijun, and 2 vassal kingdom. Luo Han is Yang (Luoyang), the implementation of state jurisdiction over the county, County Commission County. Department of Henan Province and belong to Sili Xiaowei Yu, Yan, Jing Ji, Jan 5, state jurisdiction, with Hongnong, Hanoi, Ying Chuan, Nanyang, Runan, Chenliu, ita, Wei Jun and other County and Chen, Beam 2 countries. Henan is the Three Kingdoms of Wei, the first all Xuchang, then moved to Luoyang, the state is still in place, County (state), county level 3. Liang has 12 counties and 1 State. Western Jin Dynasty capital, Luoyang, Henan province, 18 gun. Northern and Southern Dynasties, Northern and Southern Henan Province belong to Qi. 8, Northern State 26 set up in Henan County; Southern Qi in the 12 counties of Henan with 3 states. After the Sui reunification of North and South, are 20 counties in Henan Province (state). Tang Chang'an first, then moved to Luoyang. Belong to Gyeonggi Province and Henan Henan, Hebei, Huainan, Shandong Road South, etc., obtain a 21-gun and Henan 1 House. Five Dynasties period, Liang, Jin, Han weeks 4 North Korea have Bian (now Kaifeng), Later Tang Dynasty Luoyang. Henan Province, said most of the state, said a small number of military, government. Northern Song capital Kaifeng (now Kaifeng). Henan border with Jingdong, West Beijing, Hebei Zhu Lu, Road House has jurisdiction, state, and some troops, monitoring is also under way. Government, state, military jurisdiction over all counties. Song Huaihe River and the south after the gold for the sector, gold subordinates in Henan Province. Central Secretariat directly under the central area, the Yuan Dynasty, the other executive secretariat is divided into regions, referred to as "provinces" of the system began in this province. "Province" under the Datong Road, House, House leader state, county, there are the government, the state is not attached to the road directly under the province. North of Henan province when an executive secretariat of the Yellow River, Yellow River is the south of Henan Province Jiangbei executive secretariat. Central Secretariat under the jurisdiction of a name in Henan, Akinori, Hui, and Puzhou Huaiqing other way. Under the Henan province of Henan Rd, Kaifeng Road, Nanyang House, Yu Ning Fu, Duguid House. Cheng Xuan Ming diverted to administrative commissioner for the Central Secretariat, Secretary (province) under the jurisdiction of the government, state, and then under the county. Ming Dynasty, Kaifeng, Henan licensed, Duguid, Henan, Nanyang, Runing, Akinori, Hui, Yu Chau Huaiqing and other government and state and the capital of the Daming Fu Zhili, Shandong, a small part of the county Dongchangfu . Government is a total of 31 states, 96 counties. Restore the Qing province, save for the government, then under the state and counties. Final clearance of the world, Kaifeng, Henan licensed, Duguid, Henan, Nanyang, Runing, Chen states, Akinori, Hui, etc. 9 Huaiqing House, Zheng, Xu, Yu, Shaanxi, light 5 Zhili and Xichuan The Zhili. 5 is a state government, county 96. Early Republic, diversion system. There Henan Kaifeng, Hebei, Classical, Ruyang 4, 5 Zhili, more than 100 counties. Waste Taoyin 1927, the implementation of provincial and county levels system. Save divided into administrative regions (monitoring area), the County area. Divided into 12 areas of Henan in 1946, a total of 108 counties.
After the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, the administrative divisions of Henan Province, north beyond the Yellow River, there Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Shan Zhou, Chenliu, Shangqiu, Xuchang, Huaiyang, Nanyang, Xinyang, Huangchuan in 10 zones and Kaifeng, Zhengzhou, two provincial cities, 8 special cities, 86 counties, the capital of Kaifeng City based. 1952 Central People's Government Administration Council decided to withdraw the plains provinces, will be owned of Xinxiang, Xinxiang, Anyang, Zone 2, and the provincial cities and their respective 14 counties (districts), area and belongs to 7 Puyang county, area and belongs to 6 Anyang County, Heze Dongming zones County, Henan Province, was placed under. In the same year, the Central People's Government Administration Council decided that the old are included in Anhui Province, Henan Province in the early days of permanent classified County of Henan Province. In 1954, Kaifeng City, Henan Province, the government moved in by the Zhengzhou City. PRC State Council in 1963 decided to classified Dongming County, Shandong Province. 1964 of the State Council decided to Fanxian Shandong Province, south of Shouzhang 2 counties and Fanxian Jindi He was placed under the Henan Province, near the county seat, named Fanxian. 1978 of the State Council decided to Fanxian 9 communes in eastern draw, setting up the stage counties.
Travel wedding day in the warm temperate and subtropical climate in Henan Province at the junction of the edge of the area, so the climate has obvious transitional characteristics. Of warm temperate and subtropical geographical boundaries - Qinling - Henan Huaihe River runs through the territory of the Huaihe River and Variety of ridges and the coast south of this line of Xinyang, Nanyang and Zhumadian parts of the humid subtropical sub-humid climate zone.
Annual average temperature of the province 12.8 ~ 15.5 ° C. July the hottest, the average monthly temperature of 27 ~ 28 ° C; 1 the coldest month, average monthly temperature of -2 ~ 2 ° C. The province's roughly 190 to 230 frost-free days between, usually two crops a year to meet the crop. Annual rainfall from north to south roughly 600 to 1200 mm. Henan is located in the Central Plains, warm and cold air meets frequently, monsoon climate is particularly evident. Although the four seasons, but also cause droughts, floods and drought, wind, strong winds, sandstorms, hail and frost and other natural disasters.
Air Traffic Information Zhengzhou in Henan Province, Luoyang, Nanyang and other places have airports, most domestic flights may be reached from cities such as Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Chengdu.
Railway land transport development in Henan Province, a Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Kowloon, Jiaoliu three railway lines north to south, respectively, in Zhengzhou, Shangqiu, Luoyang and east-west Longhai railway intersection. In addition, from new moon to new Yanzhou, Shandong Yanzhou many branch lines passing through. PS: After the railway in Henan Province.
Highway from Beijing to Zhuhai Expressway runs through and over the territory from Henan, Anyang to Luohe section which has been opened. Kaifeng, Zhengzhou, Luoyang, a major highway between the city connected. Appendix: the highway in Henan Province and the National Road
Henan cuisine gourmet restaurant, also known as Yu Cai introduced a long history, unique flavor, as early as the Song dynasty, had the court of the formation of color, flavor and taste cuisine. One is a traditional Chinese cuisine. Main features are: to finish well, pay attention to side dishes, Tang Xian fragrant, color shape and taste.
Henan Department of dishes include: three carp to eat carp baked surface, picking Hericium, tomatoes simmer fish, chicken flavor, Zhengzhou, crossing chicken, Henan duck, in addition, there are the famous Luoyang water seats, 24 with Luoyang soup dishes in a collection of well-known flavor of dishes.
Henan Province, famous restaurants are: located in Zhengzhou City, No. 8 Shaolin Jinshuihe Road restaurant, remember the old food wonton Hall, another new restaurant in Kaifeng, Song are restaurants
Fried fish dishes longevity mud three non-stick sweet potato stew amber melon yellow tail fish and grilled mackerel head carp roasted carrot sauce noodles big splash of water I Luoyang Luoyang jelly and chicken broth Pork Pankin bream steamed fish Songcheng Royal Cat dried spiced chicken bucket sets Sibao Chang Kee chicken rabbit
Anyang snacks "three smoked" Anyang Anyang Liaohua slip rice cooked pears do not turn sugar jelly soup fried vermicelli stew sword is large Jiujia Vahid ant melon cup beef fried oil Hop Kee Guan Yin Tang Hu soup noodle cake eggs do not turn peanuts Jiang Mitch children cake cake paste noodles asparagus crisp Sanmenxia Pipa Shan Zhou bad eggs still remember cannabis beef Tang Danzi steamed tofu spray bergamot sugar cake steamed dumplings spiced almond tea YAN Jia Xin Tangmian mutton soup dumplings steamed mutton Kang Yu steamer cake cake Double Ninth fat fried wonton Zhang Hua Cake
Entertainment Henan Province is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization, the impression is often: the Central Plains in ancient ancient rigorous, but does not know where the entertainment is also very rich. Bowling, night clubs, racing games, billiard room, karaoke dance halls and other venues 0K everything, and modern sound, light, electricity and a large playground complete could in Zhengzhou, Luoyang and other cities to find. In view of the monuments more than to the modern discotheque, dance casino to play about, also in Henan possible. Among the many recreational activities in the city, Henan Province, the consumer is still relatively reasonable fees and charges grades of entertainment can be found in large and medium cities
Shopping shopping describes the properties of Henan Province is very rich, which for this tour offers visitors a variety of shopping choices. A long history and colorful handicrafts to Yuzhou chinaware, jade Nanyang, Luoyang imitation dom (Tang Dynasty), Huaxian point Xi Hu, Yan Jiyuan disk (called as the Temple of Heaven Yan) as the well-known traditional products. Other specialties include Lushi, Luanchuan fungus, Xinyang Mao Jian tea, Lingbao jujube, pomegranate Fengqiu, Dukang wine, Huaiyang Day Lily, the Yellow River carp, and the North of four pregnant drug (raw land, cattle paint, yam, chrysanthemum) and so on.
Shopping in Henan, has a slightly different way around. For example, in the Songshan Shaolin Temple shopping, the buyer can freely Kanjia, but not McCain pricing buyers, the consequences will be very serious. In Kaifeng, Luoyang and Zhengzhou and other cities shopping, visitors will find an active market and, most visitors are not able to attract large-scale shopping malls, and often local products shops or bazaars.
Bian embroidery Bianliang specialty watermelon mud Cheng Yan-long weapon Hara Jujube Willow vulgaris Gushi antique bronze black fungus Hericium Lingbao Huangchuan horn handicrafts jujube Lingbao Lankao Apple Grape Kiwi Halonen Romer Los embroidered curtain Luoyang Dukang wine Tang Dynasty Luoyang Luoyang Luoyang Luoyang peony lanterns cherry plum jade jade Mengjin within dense yellow pear kiwi beef heart jujube soft persimmon knife apparatus Songshan Shaolin Sword Shaolin Temple Shi Yan-tung lacquer tea Xinyang Wang Mazi Scissors copper tea Zhaobing Yan Zhu Xian post Actinidia chinensis Town pictures