Liaoning Province, referred to Liao, located in the southern part of Northeast China, is China's northeast economic zone and the Bohai Economic Zone of the important junction. Geographic coordinates in longitude 118 ° 53 'to 125 ° 46', latitude 38 ° 43 'to 43 ° 26' between the east and west side line width of 550 km from the north and south end of straight-line distance of about 550 km. Land area of Liaoning Province 145900 square kilometers, accounting for 1.5% of China's land area. Land area, the mountainous area of 87200 square kilometers, accounting for 59.8%; flat area of 48700 square kilometers, accounting for 33.4%; water area of 10000 square kilometers, accounting for 6.8%.
Sea area of 150200 square kilometers. Some 78300 square kilometers of which the Bohai Sea, the North Yellow Sea 71900 square kilometers.
Yalu River east coast, west Shanhaiguan old leader, the mainland coastline of 2178 kilometers, accounting for 12% of the mainland coastline, 622 kilometers of island coastline accounting for 4.4% of the island coastline. Distribution of 506 small islands offshore, the island area of 187.7 square kilometers. The main islands along the Yellow Sea Islands Foreign Minister Hill, in the long island chains, fortress islands and large and small Kashima, etc.; along the Bohai Sea Island Chrysanthemum main islands, the size of Beacon Hill, Changxing Island, Fengming Island, west of the island, something Ant Island Tiger Flat Island, pigs Island and Snake Island and so on.
Liaoning Province, Jilin Province, which borders the northeast, northwest and adjacent to Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hebei Province, adjacent to the southwest and to the Yalu River as the boundary rivers, and the Democratic People's Republic across the river, south of the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea vast.
Liaoning Province has a long history and cultural history, ancient culture and long history. Back in ancient times, the Liaoning region have human labor, reproduction, interest-bearing activities. Jinniushan in Yingkou Shi Qiaonan Jinniushan human fossils found in its ruins, dating back over 28 years, is so far discovered in Liaoning, one of the most ancient human habitat. Chaoyang City, Kazuo Xian found in pigeon holes, and excavated ruins of stone, belonging to Middle Paleolithic hominid sites, which is some 5 million years or so.
About 7000 years ago, entered the Neolithic Age in Liaoning Province, Shenyang new music site and unearthed a large number of objects, indicating the end of Liaoning in the primitive society of prosperity. Shan Liang, Chaoyang beef cultural sites, dating back some 5000 years, excavated from the altar, the stone tomb, the temple and the goddess of colorful picture, jade pig dragon, pottery and other important cultural draw, where there is a prototype of the original state of civilization begun to take community, marking the Liaoning region is one of the origin of Chinese civilization.
Wedding day in eastern China, Liaoning Provincial Tourism temperate - warm, humid - humid - semi-arid continental monsoon climate. Warm summer and cold winter, rainfall concentration, short and windy spring. Northeast is the strongest solar radiation, heat up, the wind's largest region. The annual average temperature 4 ~ 10 ℃, 1 月 -17 ~ -5 ℃, 7 月 21 ~ 25 ℃, can be divided into low-northeast, southwest high. Free period of about 150 to 180 days. Average annual rainfall of 450 to 1150 mm, mainly concentrated in the summer, is the most northeastern province of precipitation. Liaodong abundant rainfall and mountainous areas, in order to humid areas. About 6 to 8 monthly precipitation over 60% of the annual precipitation. Northwestern border province of precipitation less prone to drought.
Air Traffic Information:
Liaoning Province has six civil airports: Shenyang, Dalian, Dandong, Jinzhou, Liaoyang and sun, which, Shenyang Tao Xian airport and the airport in Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport.
Liaoning has the highest density of railway network in the country, with Shenyang as the center, and the radioactive-like extension to the East and West, is to communicate the three northeastern provinces and Inner Mongolia and off the bond and bridge. Route of Beijing-Harbin, Shenyang-Dalian, Shen Ji, Shen Dan and other lines, there are some regional contact outside the province.
Line south from the Beijing-Harbin, Beijing, north to Harbin, in Liaoning Province via Suizhong, Xingcheng, Huludao, Jinzhou, Linghai, Montenegro, Xinmin, Shenyang, Tieling, open the original, Changtu other cities and counties.
Line north from Shenyang-Dalian, Shenyang, Dalian, south to the total length of 400 kilometers, running through the lighthouse, Liaoyang, Anshan, Haicheng, a large stone bridge, Gaizhou, Wafangdian, Pulandian other cities.
Shen Ji line west of Shenyang, Jilin City, east to the total length of 446 kilometers, passing through Fushun in Liaoning Province, Qingyuan and other cities and counties.
Shen Dan, Shenyang, north line, south to Dandong, a total length 277 km, running through the Benxi, Greater Phoenix and other cities.
Jinzhou Jin Cheng lines east, west to the Hebei Chengde, Yixian Formation in Liaoning Province via the North votes, Chaoyang, Jianping, Lingyuan other cities and counties.
New meaning line east of Shenyang Xinmin City, west to the Jinzhou City Yixian, through Fuxin City. This railway line and Kam Cheng, Jing Cheng lines together constitute the Beijing to Shenyang, the second channel.
Beijing-Shanghai line west ditch line Goubangzi Kazakhstan, east to the Shenyang-Dalian Haicheng online, via winding, Panjin and other cities and counties. Dalian is a shortcut to contact the customs than the pass to shorten the 200 km in Shenyang.
Dazheng line south from the large Shan Beijing-Harbin, north to Inner Mongolia, Tongliao, so that line can be connected directly to Daqing and Qiqihar in Heilongjiang Province. After Montenegro in Liaoning Province, Zhangwu counties.
Highway Highway to Shenyang as the center, and built a Beijing-Shenyang, Shenyang-Dalian, Shenyang this, Shen Kazakhstan, Shenyang expressway and Shenyang, Fushun and other five cross-border highway. Yellow Road (Dalian Golden State - Dandong) Expressway has also been revised to Zhuanghe.
Dong Si Beijing-Shenyang Expressway in the west ring Quartet Bridge, Ring Expressway East to Shenyang North Liguan Li to pay a total length of 658 km. The Hebei province, Tianjin Baodi, Tangshan, Hebei District, Beidaihe, Qinhuangdao, Shanhaiguan into the territory of Liaoning Province, after Huludao, Jinzhou, Panjin, Shenyang and four municipalities, toll stations along the way Vanguard (service area), avant-garde (service area), Suizhong, Xingcheng, service area of Jinzhou, Jinzhou, brilliant (Linghai), Goubangzi, Panjin service area, Panjin, Taian, Taian service area, service area in Liaoning Province, Liaoning, Lotus, Shenyang charge Interchange station 10 and six service areas.
Shenyang Shenyang, Harbin Expressway south from Wangjiagou Ring Expressway Interchange, north to Harbin, Jilin Dehui present in addition to the junction of Black Kat Caijiagou section, the remaining sections are all first opened to traffic. Among them, Shenyang to Changchun segment length of 300 kilometers, along the way Wangjiagou toll station, water station (Metro sub), Yi Lu, Liao Hai Tuen (Tieling), Tieling service area, Tieling North, opened the original service area, open the original, Changtu, Changtu service area, Shuangmiao son, Mao store toll station (Liaoning), five miles Toll slope (Jilin), Siping (service area), patron of the Tuen service area, Guo store, Gongzhuling service area, Gongzhuling Tao Jiatun service area, Fanjiatun, Datun toll stations, service areas of Changchun, Changchun charge Interchange station 11 and the eight service areas.
Shenyang, Shenyang-Dalian Highway north from the overpass crossing Highway Campbell Pacific, south to Dalian Nanguanling a total length of 375 kilometers, Sujiatun toll stations along the way, Shilihe, lighthouses, Jingquan service area, under the Royal, North Light ( Liaoyang), embroidered River service area, the first hill, at Road Bay (Anshan), Teng turtle, Oasis service area, a large elm, Xiliu (Haicheng), Tiger Village, a large stone (Yingkou), Yingkou service area, the West Sea, the regiment Hill (Gaizhou), sand hill, Bayuquan, Xiongyue service area, Xiongyue, Li officials, Ju Tun, Tun service area that it Tuen, Xiao furnace, turn the hills, Bay service area, three Shilibao, Golden State, after salt, such as 23 toll stations and seven Interchange service area.
Dining flavor specialties in Liaoning Province are: Shenyang old side dumplings, Li Liangui bacon pie, Ma dumpling, and that home blood Museum of white meat soup, Goubangzi smoked chicken, all the sheep seats, Mongolia, pies, cakes Lama, Lee Kee Tan meat.
Liaoning Province opera entertainment has a long history, wide variety. As early as 300 years ago, there Manchu Peace Drum (single drum), and Ba Jiaogu (later changed to stringed). 200 years ago children books produced in the Northeast. 100 years ago, Shenyang has Pingtan, harp books, drums, Ba Jiaogu other song species. After the Revolution, Shenyang, Dalian, Fushun and other places popular folk arts. Currently, there are 40 kinds of Liaoning Province, Qu kinds of folk, especially the harp sing the book over the development of the Northeast drum and singing folk songs and dances native art - two-person show (the old name of "bouncing") is most famous. In addition, the Shenyang Acrobatic Troupe of acrobats are famous.
Shopping Liaoning Province as one of the famous temperate fruit production areas, the main producing apples, pears, purple in the hawthorn, Dandong chestnut. Southern Liaoning apples, pears known country western Liaoning, Xiongyue on the Liaodong Peninsula, the city has "Apple City". Apple production accounts for one third of the national total, second only to Shandong Province ranks second, accounting for pear production third. Sambo in the Northeast "column reference", "white ginseng", "velvet" an important role in the country. Tussah output ranked first in the country. There are five flavors Liao, Liao Asarum, Dandong silk, natural color carpet, Kazuo Yixing pottery, jade carving, carved amber jet, Jinzhou agate sculpture, a large number of shell carving picture, Shenyang, such as feathers, silk flower paintings and Shenyang.