Full name of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia (Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region), referred to as Ning, is one of China's five autonomous regions. Yinchuan, capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region. Upper reaches of the Yellow River in China's western regions. Ningxia, Shaanxi Province, east, west, then north Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Gansu Province, southern and connected. Since ancient times, internal central China, west to Western, north of the desert, often in areas of the national vice versa.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region called "Ning", located at latitude 35'14, -39 '23,, longitude 104'17, ~ 107'39, between the upper reaches of the Yellow River in China's western regions. Ningxia, Shaanxi Province, east, west, then north Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Gansu Province, southern and connected. Since ancient times, internal central China, west to Western, north of the desert, often in areas of the national vice versa.
Ningxia territory from north to south profile, something short. Located about 456 km north-south (north from the first hurdle Shizuishan 2 km north of the Yellow river, south of the mouth until Liupanshan Jingyuan Liang), a distance of about 250 km (west and central defender Ying Pun water station 10 km southwest of Tin flood dam, east to the Salt Lake County, Liu Shuliang 2 km north east), Ningxia is one of China's smallest provinces, with a total area of 5.18 million square kilometers.
Natural Division in China, Ningxia, northwest across the eastern monsoon area and dry area, southwest close to the Qinghai-Tibet alpine region, roughly at the intersection of three natural regions, the transition zone. Land development and rehabilitation in China, the geographical division, the key development zone in Ningxia is located in the western edge of the central or western zone of the eastern edge to be, is the center of Shanxi's energy and heavy chemical industry base and the upper reaches of Yellow River Hydropower Development Zone, part of the mineral, northern and central line "Three North" Shelterbelt Development projects the focus of lots, in the southern area and the comprehensive management of the Loess Plateau belongs to the "Three West" area range.
Ningxia is located in the geological, geomorphological, "North-South axis," the North, in North China platform block, block and Qilian fold Alashan between sets. Plateau and mountain ecotone, tectonic complex. From the west, north to east, from the Tengger Desert. Ulan Buh Desert and Mu Us phases around the south and the Loess Plateau connected. Long and narrow terrain, terrain south than in the north west elevation larger, more moderate eastern downs.
North from the southern tip of the southern extension of Liupanshan, and Moon Mountain, South Mountain, West Mountain and other intermittent connected to the Loess Plateau, separated into two. East and south of the Loess Plateau and the hills, west and south to Long Zhongshan with the loess hills. Central mountains, hills and plains staggered. Wei Ning Kitayama, cattle first mountain, Dora, and other support Qinglongshan mountain plain, scattered stands.
Landscape north of what was obvious differentiation. Yellow out Qingtongxia, the shape of the beautiful and rich in Yinchuan plain. Plain west of the Helan Mountains where they stand, pointing the sky. East of the Ordos plateau, hundred meters above the plain, a steep front is the highlight of the spirit of the east Ningxia salt platform.
Complex landscape, mountain after another, scattered basins, can be roughly divided into: the Loess Plateau, Ordos plateau, alluvial flood plains and Mountains, Dora, in the three sections of Helan Mountain South Mountain. Average elevation of 1000 meters or more. By surface features, can be divided into warm-temperate southern plains in the central and northern temperate semi-desert in the temperate desert. The region from south to north from the water to show landform features of the transition to wind erosion.
Ningxia is located in the Loess Plateau, Inner Mongolia Plateau transition zone, the terrain is high in the south than the north. From a geomorphological type, water erosion of the loess in the southern landscape with mainly central and northern parts of the arid erosion, wind erosion based, is part of the Inner Mongolia Plateau. Within a relatively steep mountains and hills are widely distributed, but also faulted the formation but also by the Yellow River alluvial flood plain, there are terraces and sand dunes. Complex and varied surface morphology for the economic development of the different conditions. According to statistics in early 2004, Ningxia, 38% in the hilly terrain, plains 26.8%, 15.8% mountains, plateaus account for 17.6%, 1.8% desert.
History and Culture of Ningxia in the "Silk Road", on what has historically been an important channel of transportation and trade, as the Yellow River flows through the area, where the Yellow River also has traditions of the civilization. As early as thirty years ago, Ningxia had had traces of human beings live, AD 1038, the party leader Yuanhao items in this group established the Western Xia Dynasty and the formation of a unique Western Xia culture.
The map is not in Ningxia, contains a variety of landscape types: mountains, plateaus, plains, hills, valleys, readily available, so that Ningxia is rich in natural landscape presents.
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is, one third of the total population Hui, China's Muslim provinces, a total of more than 3000 mosques in the region, creating a strong Islamic environment.
Long history, diverse landscapes, unique folklore, constituted rich tourism resources in Ningxia: endless mountain, Mountains, rolling nine turbidity of the Yellow River, the vast expanse of desert and grasslands, known as oriental pyramid The Western Xia Imperial Tombs, one of China's four grottoes Sumeru Grottoes, and the unique Muslim customs.
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Secluded northwest inland plateau in Ningxia, is a typical continental semi-humid and semi-arid climate, mostly concentrated in the rainy season from June to September, with a long cold winter, summer and summer is short, scarce rain and snow, dry climate, wind, sand and more, South Cold and warm so the North. As an average elevation of 1000 meters in Ningxia over, so little heat in summer; January average temperature of minus 8 º C below the extreme low temperature at minus 22 º C below.
Ningxia's most notable features of the climate are: the temperature difference at large, long sunshine hours, solar radiation intensity, temperature difference between day and night in most parts of generally up to 12-15 º C. So even in the summer to Ningxia, should prepare a few pieces of thick clothing. May -10 May each year, is the best tourist season.
Air Traffic Information: Ningxia has an airport, located in the southeast of Yinchuan City, from there directly to aviation flights to Beijing, Xi'an, Taiyuan, Lanzhou, Baotou, dozens of cities.
Railway: Baotou-Lanzhou Railway through the area, runs through Yinchuan new urban south, east, north China city of Baotou, is connected with the Beijing railway package; west northwest city of Lanzhou, and Lanzhou, Lan Qing, the Longhai railway link three.
Highway: Ningxia has 6 National Road, the bus station as the center of Yinchuan Nearly ten bus lines, reaching the region of the prefecture, city and county seat, and Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Gansu, in some areas. The main lines leading to the Guyuan, Wu Zhong, Wing Ning, Lingwu, Zhongwei, and Inner Mongolia Dawukou Bayan Haute, Ulan mine, Shaanxi and Gansu Dingbian Pingliang dozens of local. In addition, Guyuan, Wuzhong, Shizuishan bus station there are three more than ten half-way line leading to areas inside and outside the country, bound for rural counties are short-distance bus station car.
Dining Dining Ningxia Muslim tradition and flavor of both the Central Plains, where you can enjoy greasy food is not halal mutton, halal food, mainly sweet and sour of the Yellow River carp, pigeons, fish, steamed lamb, sheep offal, lamb Paomo and so on. There are also distinctive Hui snacks, such as money, seaweed, steamed lamb, lamb, grilled camel palm and so on.
Sand Lake is rich in carp, silver carp, bighead carp, grass carp, crucian carp and Wuchang fish rare in the north, a large turtle, so the restaurant in Sand Lake, Sand Lake fish dinner special features. You can also warm and hospitable to guests go home Hui, Hui unique taste of fragrant oils and other snacks.
Is a singing and dancing entertainment Hui minority in Ningxia you can enjoy a Northwest style with a strong Muslim population flowers and strings and so on. "Hui flowers", is popular in Northwest China pitched a unique style of folk songs. High-pitched melodious tunes, the lyrics simple and fresh with distinctive local characteristics and strong national flavor. "Mouth string", also known as "mouth child" is a favorite of women in Ningxia Hui small stringed instrument, played melodious tunes, and its relatively fixed melody, the "Langyan drip", "Camel Bell", "Pearl down shutter "and port string order.
In recent years, Ningxia has also rapid development of modern entertainment facilities. You can be located in the Ningxia Pingluo Tan Zhen, West Sand Lake Tourist Area sand boarding, camel riding, horse riding, swimming, fishing, gliding, playing beach volleyball, football and so on. If Masaoki, but also in the Sand Lake aerial sightseeing flight over the seat travel, the Shapotou sand boarding, riding a camel roaming sand sea sand, take the smooth flow of the Yellow River and other sheepskin rafts.
Ningxia's most famous shopping local products, the most important wolfberry, licorice, Helan stone, Tan sheep fur, Nostoc five, because of the color are red, yellow, blue, white, black, so called "five treasures."
Nostoc: homonym "get rich", produced in the mind, in Nanjing, Haiyuan area desert and semi-desert areas, slender, shiny black color. Fresh seaweed was blue-green or brown, festive feast is essential.
Licorice: also known as sweet grass, in traditional Chinese medicine industry have "ten (a traditional Chinese medicine) side (in) nine (one willing to use) the grass," said. There detoxification, expectorant, analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-cancer, Spleen, Qi and other functions.
Wolfberry: Ningxia wolfberry to thin skin, flesh, seed less famous. It not only iron, phosphorus, calcium, and a large number of essential nutrients, dressed in uniforms to lungs Liver, Kidney, expelling wind, eyesight, strong bones.
Helan Stone: produced in the Helan Mountains, texture fine, rigid-flexible affordable, purple and green. Helan ink stone with its carved with hair ink, save ink, quit does not stink, nursing cents characteristics, refined taste heaven.
Tan fur: Ningxia specialty fur, produced in Yinchuan Plain in the Yellow River lush beach its name. Commonly known as "two fur", 2-inch long hair, Mao Suijie white, texture Xirun, soft warm, the ancient "golden fur dry," said the brand name of national traditional export commodities.