Sichuan Province, the "River" or "Shu", the provincial capital of Chengdu, located in southwest China, the Yangtze River, in longitude 97 ° 21 '~ 108 ° 31', latitude 26 ° 03 '~ 34 ° 19' between. To benefits, benefit, Azusa, Kui four named, the province of the total area of 48.5 square kilometers. Brief plateau phase the west, east of the Three Gorges Xianfeng overlap, north of Qinling Bashan barriers surround the south Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the formation of a famous Sichuan Basin. Sichuan Province, vast land and has a long history since ancient times to enjoy the "Land of Abundance" reputation.
History and culture all over the marketplace in Sichuan roadside, rural road, will see a room unique style of teahouses in Sichuan. People sit in a bamboo chair wooden table before hand side Gaiwan Cha tea with unique, quality tea was quiet.
Visitors can see hear and feel it all, it is a concrete manifestation of Ba culture. Culture and the other Chinese local culture, is an important part of Chinese culture, has a long history and distinctive regional characteristics. Excavated in 1986, Sichuan Guanghan Sanxingdui proved, as early as 4000 years ago, the Ba culture and has been gradually formed a considerable degree of prosperity.
Far as 2000 years ago, "Cong Country," which opened the southwestern Sichuan Silk Road, to Chengdu, as a starting point, via Yunnan, over Burma, into India, as far as Central Asia and Europe. By this route the output of the rich in Sichuan silk, cloth, porcelain and tea; enter the gem, jade, pearls, seashells and glass. Sichuan and other regions to develop a cultural exchange. Silk Brocade Take the time pattern of rich, delicate textured, colorful and is considered a symbol of Chinese culture.
Ba cultural development in Sichuan literati meets, Talents men, Born in the late well-known Chinese writer Guo, in his famous article "Shudao odd" wrote: "Wen Shu Weng governance deposited Culture ruling Article production and phase, such as Yang Xiong. Poet Since then, more than Xiu, TANG Su Song Li Bai. " In addition to the poem mentioned educator and literary Weng, Cifu home Yang Xiong, Simaxiangru, poet Li Bai, writers outside of Su Shi, the ancient Chinese poet Du Fu, Lu, Huang and so long lived in Sichuan. One-third of Du Fu's poetry created in that province.
The prosperity of literature, led the development of the printing industry in ancient Sichuan. Tang Dynasty dating back 1200 years ago, the printing industry in Chengdu, Sichuan par with the capital Chang'an, became the most prosperous and most important printing center. To the Song Dynasty, woodblock printed book industry in Sichuan entered a golden period, "Song Shu moment heaven" records.
Song to the Qing Song and Yuan Dynasty in Sichuan Province has several large-scale peasant uprising occurred, such as Wang Xiaobo, Li Shun uprising. However, compared with the rest of the country, Sichuan still stable, making the economy continue to develop and become resistant Song Jin, Meng rear. Yuan Sichuan region for half a century of war, the economy has been devastating.
Hongwu years (1371), Ming Ming sent soldiers will be incorporated into the territory of Sichuan province, the area in addition to existing Sichuan, Chongqing, also including the current and Yunnan, Guizhou Province, Zunyi, Guizhou, northeastern and north-west. Chang Hsien-chung Chuan Ming soldiers peasant uprising, in Sichuan, "Atlantic" regime (1644 ~ 1646), Xijing in Chengdu, Qing, 30 years, Sichuan has been in a war among the two decades until the reign of Emperor Kangxi (1681 ) before entering the period of stability. Hubei and Hunan to Sichuan Kangxi twenty-four years. Jiaqing first year (1796), Sichuan, Shaanxi and the outbreak of the Chu River White Lotus uprising, which lasted 9 years before the Qing court suppressed the uprising.
Song to the Qing Dynasty, Sichuan region in an unprecedented war, the population collapse, economic adjustment spacious. Thus, the court twice in the early Ming and early Qing launch large-scale migratory movements, Li said, "Hubei and Hunan to Sichuan." Two immigration movement made a large number of people lacking access to labor in Sichuan, the rapid social and economic recovery.
Sichuan is located in the subtropical range of travel wedding day, because of different landscapes and different turn influence the monsoon circulation, the formation of a unique type of climate: subtropical eastern basin and north subtropical humid climate. West Sichuan Plateau belongs to the plateau climate, altitude 3000-4000 meters is cold temperate, 4000-5000 meters above sea level is the sub-arctic, above the altitude of 5000 with permanent snow and ice. Southwest mountains have a complete vertical climatic zone, from south to north is the South Asian tropical, subtropical and northern subtropical, warm temperate, temperate, and dovetail with the plateau climate.
Sichuan, the monsoon climate zone, the winter cold and dry air mass in the mainland under the control of air-drying, precipitation is scarce. Warm ocean climate in the summer comes, there are a lot of precipitation. Basin during the rainy season is from April to October; west of the basin during the rainy season is from May to September; Panxi north-central regions during the rainy season is from May to October. Annual rainfall in most parts of Sichuan, 1000 mm. Sichuan, a large regional differences in precipitation, the law is reduced from east to west, the basin over the plateau, basin east than pot. The formation of three full-Chuan significant and rainy center: Basin, west of the basin and the North Central Region Panxi.
The eastern basin, the average temperature 14 ℃ -19 ℃, compared with the same high-latitude regions 1 ℃. The average January temperature is 3-8 ℃, pots week slightly higher; April average temperature 15 ℃ -19 ℃; July average temperature is 25 ℃ -29 ℃, is the hottest month of the year; October average temperature of 15 ℃ -19 ℃, The annual average temperature close to the area. Four distinct seasons: spring climate temperature 10 ℃ -21.9 ℃, about 3 months; summer climate temperature is greater than 22 ℃, long-more than 3 months; autumn climate temperature of 10 ℃ -21.9 ℃, the 2.5 months; winter temperature of the small waiting at 10 ℃, 3.5 months long.
Sichuan, blocking traffic past traffic information, the "Quiet Night, extremely difficult," said. After today's changing times, Sichuan, has formed a collection of modern aviation, shipping, railways, road transport as one of the three-dimensional transport system, has become an important transport hub in southwest.
Airlines based in Chengdu, Southwest Airlines has 102 flights, including 96 domestic routes, international and regional charter flights 6, southwest of the center to the radiation, connecting Bangkok, Hong Kong. Chengdu - Beijing route (1700-kilometer), is one of the main trunk. In addition, Chengdu - Shanghai (total length 782 km), Chengdu - Guangzhou (total length of 1493 km) and others is an important civil aviation routes. Yibin, Xichang, Florida, Luzhou and other airports there are many domestic routes, which are the provinces of Sichuan with the political, economic, technological and cultural exchanges, an important link.
Railway has been completed Baocheng, Chengdu, Chengdu-Kunming, Kunming, and reached the railway lines and thirty five, small pear, owned Wei, Cheng Wen, Germany days, Kwong Yue, Panzhihua, Kwong Wang, Yi Gong 9 Extension.
Po into a line north from Baoji in Shaanxi, over Lueyang, Yangpingguan entered Sichuan Guangyuan arrived in Chengdu and then by a total length of 669 kilometers, 374 kilometers in Sichuan, which is the communication between Sichuan and the country's first railway, and is the first electrified railways; Chengyu wire connection Chengdu - Chongqing, Guizhou and southern China have been leading, the whole 505 km; Chengdu-Kunming line south of Nanning-Kunming line from Kunming to Chengdu via the main railway line in Beihai, Guangxi; line from Kunming to Neijiang Kunming Rail Link; reached the railway line connecting the trunk of northern Sichuan.
Highway roads to the province as the center of Chengdu, dry, feeder roads in radial distribution, while also supplemented by east and west lines are intertwined. The main highways are: Sichuan-Tibet line to Chengdu, as a starting point, one by Kangding, Batang, Basu Nyingchi to Lhasa, one by Kangding, Ganzi, Qamdo, Nagqu to Lhasa; Chuan Green Line, a leading long Qinghai governance a path to Yushu in Qinghai Province; Chuan-Shan Line, a leading Hanzhong, Ankang, Shaanxi a path; Chuan Long lines, one leading to the Linxia, a leading Gansu Province; Chongqing route to Sichuan, Hubei and Sichuan Expressway and the original Road-based; Chuan cloud line, East by Longchang, Luzhou, Guizhou Province into Yunnan, and in the path Neijiang, Zigong, Yibin into Yunnan, and West by the Xichang and Panzhihua into Yunnan; Sichuan and Yunnan line Ganzi by the Sichuan-Tibet line, Zhongdian, Yunnan, by Urban and Rural Areas into Litang.
Passenger car center in Chengdu, Sichuan's largest road passenger transport hub. Chengdu - Dujiangyan, Chengdu - Mianyang and Chengdu - Leshan - Emei Shan, Chengdu - Ya and Neijiang - Zigong - Yibin, have a highway to facilitate the integration between all the major attractions in the province.
Water is the water transport in Sichuan province, one of the developed Yangtze River running through the province, is a water transport route, and with the Minjiang River, the Jinsha River and other regional communications in the territory of the formation of a natural waterway transport network, the province has 19 cities, more than 120 rural counties and more than 1400 available through the shipping, the main industrial areas and major towns have water transport links.
Dining Sichuan is China's four major cuisines (Sichuan, Guangdong, Beijing, Su), one of famous overseas for its spicy flavor, with "a dish of a cell, a hundred dishes Subway," the distinct personality of the known world. Sichuan has always enjoyed "cooking paradise" reputation.
Common type of homemade taste of Sichuan fish flavor type, odor type, 20 kinds of spicy flavor type, more than 4000 kinds of varieties. Famous dishes are Bawei cold dish, nine-color save box, smoked tea duck, Braised pigeon, flavored chicken legs, rice crust meat, fish-flavored pork, kung pao chicken, small fried chicken, homemade cucumber, hot and sour tendons , Chao Shou meat, twice-cooked pork, ants on the tree, Yu-Sun Monochoria, boiled beef, Dongpo pork, steamed beef, pickled fish.
Sichuan snack than 2000, notably Long Chao Shou Lai, glutinous rice balls, Fuqifeipian, Zhong dumplings, dan dan noodles, pearl Motoko, Korean dumplings, steamed buns longan, Chen Mapo tofu, egg bake cakes, smoked tea duck, Wang Fat Duck, Chongqing Wang duck, steamed beef, a small number rule Germany, Zigong fire sub-beef, Chengdu Zhanglao five jelly, jelly Kawakita, Song Sao face, the small sister rabbit, beef coke cakes, beef jerky and other old Sichuan Dengying .
Sichuan hot pot cuisine is also popular. Sichuan hot pot shabu on stress eat, cook, dip 3, distinctive flavor, popular with local people and foreign tourists. In general the prices are quite hot affordable, ordinary self-service restaurants, mostly, 28 yuan / person -35 yuan / person range. The bistro is more expensive, three people can be a real treat to spend around 20 yuan.
Recreation areas in Sichuan since ancient times, rich in history, even the most prosperous places in China, even today, is still the southwestern Sichuan central, entertainment from no less, creating the unique charm of Sichuan. Not only the dance halls, theaters and other public places of entertainment everywhere, bowling, shooting clubs and other leisure and entertainment are also elegant rapid development of western Sichuan and other ethnic minorities, the variety of unique songs and dances is refreshing.
Sichuan tourism shopping is extremely rich commodity resources, many kinds, related to food, textile, technology, art, health care, electronics, machinery and other industries, with over 20 categories, more than 5000 varieties, bamboo Bamboo Sea root, bamboo, known for Panxi Yi handicrafts at home and abroad. Main Sichuan specialties are as follows:
Wine: Wuliangye, Luzhou Lao kiln, Jiannanchun, Quanxing Daqu, Langjiu Tuopai Daqu.
Tea: Mongolian top stone flowers, Emei Shan Mao Feng, Qingcheng Buxus, as early as the white point effort in three years licensing jasmine tea.
Food: Fuling mustard, Yibin sprouts, Tianfu peanut, Jiajiang fermented bean curd, Pixian watercress, the Syrian government bad eggs, Guanghan wrapping, Jiang blood orange, grapefruit Liangping.
Arts and Crafts: Silk Brocade, Shu embroidery, porcelain, bamboo, Jiang bamboo reed.