Hong Kong is a bustling metropolis in Asia, regional and international financial centers, favorable conditions for deep natural harbor, from 1842 to 1997 was a British colony, July 1, 1997 return to China. Area of about 1104 square kilometers, population more than 7 million, the main industries include retail, tourism, real estate, banking and financial services, industrial services, social and personal services. Hong Kong to the Chinese wisdom and combined the advantages of the Western social system to a clean government, good order, free economy and improve the rule of law known.
Hong Kong's total area of 1070 square kilometers, divided into four parts - Hong Kong Island, New Territories, Kowloon and the outlying islands. Kowloon is located north of the port peninsula, Tsim Sha Tsui area is where most tourists congregate. Hong Kong Island area is 78 square kilometers land area of Hong Kong accounted for only 7% of Hong Kong Island is the main commercial area, full of tourist hotels and tourist attractions. New Territories, an area of about 980 square kilometers, equivalent to 91% of the land area of Hong Kong. A total of 234 islands, including islands, the largest lantau Island is almost twice the size of Hong Kong Island.
Geography: Hong Kong SAR in Guangdong Province, south east of the Pearl River estuary, south of the South China Sea, north of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province with a total area of 1070 square kilometers. Hong Kong Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories and outlying islands of four parts. Hong Kong is a typical coastal hilly terrain, many mountains, plains small; most of the coastal plains, are nearly a hundred years the result of land reclamation. Very tortuous coastline of Hong Kong, Hong Kong and Shenzhen Bay, and more. Between Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and Victoria Harbour, is located in the intersection of the Taiwan Strait and South China Sea, overlooking the Pacific, Asia and the world's major seaports.
History and culture since the Qin Dynasty in Hong Kong became clear from the territory of the Central Plains (Zhongyuan refers to the central Shaanxi, Henan, the Yellow River as the center of the western region), until the mid-19th century the Qing Dynasty was defeated, the area was ceded in batches, and leased to Britain to become a British colony, Hong Kong, which opened port development. September 1982, the Chinese and British implementation of the future of Hong Kong, in 1984 signed the "Joint Declaration", decided July 1, 1997 Republic of China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong. China's commitment to the implementation of One Country Two Systems in Hong Kong, Hong Kong will maintain the existing capitalist system and way of life, and enjoy all matters other than defense and foreign high degree of autonomy, that is, "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong, high degree of autonomy." After World War II, the rapid development of our economy and society, not only as the "Asian Tigers", is one of the world's most affluent, the most economically developed and one of the highest standard of living. Hong Kong is Asia's leading financial, service and shipping center, clean government, good order, free economy and improve the rule of law known. Historical changes to Hong Kong from a population of only five thousand year a small fishing village has evolved into today's "Pearl of the Orient" reputation as a cosmopolitan city.
As early as the Neolithic Age have been living in Hong Kong. Many places in the New Territories and Lantau Island have found the site of Neolithic human settlements. Round-the Tang Dynasty Kaiyuan, Hong Kong is through the state. The establishment of the town of Tuen Mun Army, stationed in 2000, sent to protect maritime trade. That the troops stationed in Tuen Mun today, the area hence the name. Later, step along the sea abounds in pearls, South Han Liu then set in the year 963 government-run Zhuhai field, are known as Mei Chuan, Zhao Kuangyin off Nanhanhouming order prohibiting official pearl. To the Yuan Dynasty, Zhu repeated mining officials, but opposed by the gentry, and soon closed again. Pearl Ming and Qing dynasties when the ban when the cause of Chi, but still can not return to the prosperity of the Five Dynasties and Ten States.
Hong Kong since the first year of the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Emperor Kangxi, which ended the year 1662, Hong Kong, Lek Yuen, Sha Lo Wan, Tai Shan Xi soil for the growth of incense trees, so the kinds of incense and incense production has gradually developed, according to research in the Ming Dynasty from Dongguan South, a new security environment (including Hong Kong) Hong tree products are all installed with a wooden box, the road to Tsim Sha Tau Wan Po Tau Hong (Hong tree products shipped terminals) boats to the Shek Pai Wan, and then commonly known as the big wooden cargo boat boat chicken eye to Guangzhou, and then overland through Nanxiong, the greater the Yu Ling, Guo Gan River to Jiujiang City, and then exported to Jervois sales along the Yangtze River. Qing Dynasty in 1662 AD, coastal residents to guard against financial aid and leftover Ming Zheng counterattack, then moved to the sea under the order, so that species producing fragrant incense and dealt a heavy blow.
In 1842, the Qing Dynasty in the first Opium War the British Empire was defeated, and the following year with the United Kingdom signed the "Nanjing Treaty", along with neighboring Hong Kong Island, Ap Lei Chau was ceded to Britain. 1860 British and French troops defeated the Qing court and then forced to sign a "Treaty of Beijing", the Kowloon Peninsula south of Hong Kong Island, often with disturbing the peace of the region with the nearby Stonecutters Island ceded to Britain. At that time the new boundaries on the Kowloon Peninsula, only short and barbed wire segmentation, position in today's Boundary Street. In 1898, the United Kingdom with the Qing court signed the "Extension of Hong Kong tertiary boundary of" treaties and other series of lease, lease north of Kowloon Peninsula, New Territories and outlying islands near the more than two hundred (but excluding the Kowloon Walled City), leases 99 years. This series of lease and ceded to form a Hong Kong today.
Since the establishment of the Republic of China, the National Government intends to abolish the unequal treaties. Not following the national frustration, the Northern Expedition to the National Government had time to think things recovered sovereignty over Hong Kong. But at that time, the Hong Kong Government is still open the border, two people can still travel freely. Many Hong Kong people to build a country home in addition to other donations, more personally to join the National Government in the work. Former Foreign Minister Wu Ting-fang was the then National Government of Hong Kong celebrities.
The late 70s to 20 years in 1997, Hong Kong is entering the stage of economic take-off, these must be attributed to China's opening up and reform. Reform and opening up the Chinese Communist Party in 1978, the Communist Party of China held the Third Plenary Session 11, presented a strategic decision, the first since the founding of the People's Republic of basic national policy of opening up, this decision not only changed the long closed to the outside of the New China situation, but also to provide economic development opportunities for Hong Kong to play an intermediary between China and the world role, in order to achieve an economic take-off.
July 1, 1997, Hong Kong, the formal end of British colonial rule, becoming a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic, led by Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa.
Travel wedding day tour of Hong Kong, the best time for the October-November each year.
Hong Kong has a subtropical climate. Hong Kong's annual mean temperature is high, at 22.8 degrees, vulnerable to monsoon weather with four distinct seasons.
External traffic land and sea between Hong Kong and the mainland is connected, the traffic is very convenient. Existing scheduled flights or charter flights to major cities on a regular basis, but also train and coach the land, and sea passenger ships, you can choose according to your needs.
Air: Hong Kong is one of the world's top ten airports, the new airport 40 km away from the city by the Airport Express Line and the Airport bus connected. Cathay Pacific and Dragonair, Hong Kong's two largest airlines.
Railway Transportation: Kowloon-Canton Railway East Rail opened in Shenzhen at Lo Wu, the Guangdong Foshan, Zhaoqing, Guangdong, Dongguan (Changping), Guangzhou East, Beijing West, Shanghai to Kowloon Hung Hom Station of the railway, can be smoothly from the mainland of these places to reach Hong Kong.
Internal Transport in Hong Kong has the world's most comprehensive and efficient public transport system, so use of transport is not difficult to sightseeing, and inexpensive. You can use the convenient Mass Transit Railway, Light Rail, KCR East Rail, quick shuttle to Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories around the spots; or take the tram to explore the streets slowly, bit of life; or browse the ferry the beautiful scenery of Victoria Harbour; or riding the Peak Tram magnificent night view of Lights.
Public transport has become popular in Hong Kong "Octopus" consumer electronics systems, the use of "Octopus" stored-value tickets to avoid the embarrassment of no change. "Octopus" ride for the Mass Transit Railway, Light Rail, KCR East Rail, buses, Airport Express and ferries can be used repeatedly. If the visit takes longer, the higher number of trips using public transport can be purchased at the MTR Customer Service Centres "Octopus", 150 yuan / piece (including 50 deposit, refundable upon departure) is convenient and cost-effective, Hotline 852-29938880. In addition, the Airport Express and MTR stations as well as "three-day Hong Kong Transport Pass", "Tourist MTR 1-Day Pass" for sale, for stay in Hong Kong not long or frequent visitors to Hong Kong is very convenient.
There are other modes of transport minibuses, taxis and car rental companies to provide specialized or helicopter rental.
Special Note: Due after more than 150 years of British Hong Kong Government's long-term management, rely on the left to drive in Hong Kong, and the speed quickly, crossing the street, must pay attention to safety.
Dining Hong Kong is a gourmet's paradise that people talked about all over the world in this collection of delicacies. Western food, Chinese food taste authentic; France the most popular dishes; at food, Korean food, Thai food, Italian food is very common; also rare in Hong Kong can taste the Mediterranean cuisine, Nepalese food, the North Vietnamese dishes, Spanish dishes, Argentine cuisine, dishes Portugal, Russia, vegetables, Australia, food, Indian, Cuban cuisine, American dishes, but the Islamic style dishes are rare. Chinese food in Cantonese cuisine based, integrated major domestic cuisine masterpiece. Seafood is very popular, even 皮蛋瘦肉粥 are Jiabao fish embellishment.
Focused on Hong Kong's famous restaurant in Central, Tsim Sha Tsui, Tien Shan Mansion, New Hong Changxing Beijing Restaurant, Golden Island, the most famous bird's nest Chiu Chow restaurants, prices cheap, but cheaper restaurants mostly located in towns.
Leisure luxury hotels in Hong Kong are equipped with bars and other entertainment venues, the bars are oriented design and decoration. The famous Mandarin Oriental hotel bar has a "master it", "Shanghai club." The hotel is also located in many discotheques, a first-class sound and DJ. Generally open from 10 pm to next morning when 34. Weekends, rest days than the congestion charges are slightly higher. In addition to luxury hotels in Hong Kong there are many independent operators outside the bar, most of the bar open from noon to one o'clock or later. British and Australian Bar, Japanese karaoke lounge are OK for snacks all day.
Shopping shopping in Hong Kong, regardless of price, variety and service, are among the highest in the world. Hong Kong is a free port, goods from around the world, as most items do not charge tariffs on goods of Hong Kong, the lower the price accordingly, has always been known as "shopping paradise." And here, on sale every year, many seasonal promotions that can provide real benefits for visitors, it will be able to enjoy the shopping in Hong Kong's service satisfaction.
Hong Kong shopping district can be divided into the "Hong Kong Island" and "Kowloon" two lots, Kowloon subway line to the "TST", "Jordan", "Yau Ma Tei," "Mong Kok" 4 as the focus; Hong Kong Island MTR line "Central", "North Point", "Golden Bell", "Bay" 4 as the focus, and reflect the unique culture of Hong Kong, Sheung Wan. The shops here sell the different characteristics of goods around the world, and most service workers are professionally trained, friendly and courteous attitude to customer first, and goods at reasonable prices, much lower than other countries.