Watch the film "Five Golden Flowers" at a young age is very small, not very clear story in mind, but that in the first intoxicating sweet melody of "Dali in March good scenery" often linger in the heart, there is good Jinhua beautiful girl, always thought All the Bai people are the Golden Flower girl like appearance.
Third year of college when he was assigned to the production practice in western Yunnan. Heard that travel through the marble, excited. Before his departure to the library to read the book describes Dali, Dali ideally know "romantic."
Romantic, it is infinite reveries. Perhaps it is because of "romantic" and fascinating, western Yunnan trip, so I struck up with the Dali. After 10 years, every two or three years, I have to go to a trip Dali, indulge in exposure to silver Cang-yu-er and eyes between the cool pleasure of God.
Dali Erhai Cangshan formed the basic geographical structure Bureau. Cangshan is Yunling mountains, winding north and south, Barry Shijiu Feng between 18 Creek, Peaks famous Xi Xi is the King. Cangshan the southern tip of Shimonoseki, Shimonoseki in Yunling and Ailao because the junction of two mountain ranges form a natural Yakou, it is always flooded with the wind all year round, and this is the first four King's "Shimonoseki style." Dali in Yunnan camellia cultivation center, known as "Yunnan Camellia under heaven, Dali, Yunnan Camellia A," said. Dali walk the streets, everywhere to sell potted Camellia. Dali courtyard where every household there are kinds of camellia trees, but to the northern tip of the Cangshan pass, produced the best camellia species known, which is four King of the two "get on the closed flowers." 4 King of the three as "Cangshan snow." As the Cangshan located in low-latitude plateau, the season of the three-dimensional mountain climate, snow cover is not of perennial, a different scene 4:00. Even in summer, Feng Dian Ran is still gray with snow-capped roof. 4 King of the four referred to as "Erhai months." Erhai Lake and Cangshan Xiang Yi, north to south and east-west narrow, shape of ear-shaped. Although Erhai name "sea" is actually plateau freshwater lake, for the fall of river blockage faults formed. Yuebaifengqing night, flat-wave micro-Yang, Liu Ruyan shore, ship shadow Meng Meng, fishing boat lights little bit of heaven on a total of in the water, Tianshui same color, the mysterious quiet, since ancient times there were "ecstasy Erhai months."
It is said that women's head Bai hat, coincide with "romantic" Four King. Tall white hat on the side of the "Cangshan Snow", tassel represents "Shimonoseki Changfeng," floriation said that "on the customs Camellia," while the moon-like shape, nature is the "Erhai Moon."
Dali Ancient City is located in the Cangshan between Lake Erhai. Dali from the present location of the state capital of Shimonoseki by car along the highway northbound for about 30 minutes to the ancient city of South Gate. South Gate tower high-rise, the amount of a marble gates Dongding license a letter to "Dali" in a frivolous, vigorous and elegant, with the top floor of the plaque hanging Yanxia "literature the name states" echoes, clear to the ancient city of long history and profound cultural accumulation.
Western Han Dynasty Emperor Wu of the Western Regions envoy Zhang Qian found in the Southwest Silk Road, the history known as "Shu-Hindu Road," Dali is this road as a major transit point. After Han Wudi County, elm leaf in this set, formally part of China's territory Dali area. Until now, Dali is still referred to as "Elm City."
Dali is a Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms, where circulating a lot about the story of Zhuge Liang, Meng Huo seven escapement. During the Tang dynasty, imperial policy to encourage local self-government, Dali region cracks at the situation six tribes known to history as six Chao, and ultimately the most powerful Nanzhao five other imperial conquest, the establishment of Nanzhao country. Nanzhao State to Dali as a base outward expansion of the scope of its territory to the north, Sichuan had South Vietnam and Laos together, the East Vietnam Guizhou and Guangxi, west of Myanmar has become a veritable kingdom of Yunnan. Nanzhao, the Chinese language is the official common language, to promote reading of the Central Plains saints books, royal minister sent his disciples to study in Tang Dynasty. So far outside the city the next Guan Tai village, there is praise Nanzhao legislative history's most heroic king Pavilion Miss Law on merits and good-neighborly and friendly relations with the Tang Dehua Nanzhao monument inscriptions for the parallel style prose, the text dictionary elegant, calligraphy Hideitsu , carving beautiful, fully embodies the Chinese cultural right Nanzhao impact. Germany because of its historical value of the monument was listed as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units.
Nanzhao demise 30 years after the establishment of the State of Dali. This is Jin Yong's novels in the Romance of a Duan Shi dynasty. Dali close relationship with the Song Dynasty, advocating Confucianism, Buddhism made at the same time. At that time to learn Chinese language, knowledge of the Confucian classics and Buddhist scriptures is the existence of this elite government officials, as the eighteenth century, Russia keen on French high society, today's Chinese people assiduous in English.
Dali tranquil and peaceful, lasting 315 years, until Kublai lead 10 million strong, starting from Ningxia, all the way Shaguo Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, cross-Phascolosoma crossing the Jinsha River, the next Lijiang, crossing over more than 4,000 meters above sea level Cangshan, Dali overrun to death. This is the first time in history and only one soldier had Cangshan. Today's Dali who brought the ranks of Kublai Khan, still boast to Shenbingtianjiang.
The establishment of the Yuan Dynasty in Yunnan province, will rule for the first time the government moved to Kunming, Dali will never lose the political cultural and economic center.
So far in the foothills Cangshan still retains a blue granite from the paved width of 2 m length of 60 kilometers of trail. From south to north on both sides of the distribution of the Tianshengqiao, General holes, Taihe Town, Nanzhao monument, Chong Sheng Temple, Butterfly spring, and other historical relics. Walk in the sun on it, as if into the Ma Zhiyuan's "Tian Jing Sha": Kuteng faint crow trees, small bridges people, skinny horse trail westerly sunset, broken-hearted song in horizon.
The existing style of Dali Ancient City of the Ming Dynasty. Sotoo Neixiu the streets and marketplaces as if the streets are caused by vertical and horizontal, is a typical spreadsheet layout. There is a north-south through the city streets, the streets there are various proprietary marble products, tie-dye, straw and other special products were full of shops and flavor Bai eateries. The city with clean river water flowing everywhere in ancient Bai elegant traditional houses, where residents whether rich or poor, have the grass in the courtyard gardening habits. Dali also has "every stream and every household gardening do."
Although the ancient city, there is today's most modern high-tech services - Internet cafes. In the city center, there is a less than 100 meters of the Street, on both sides of all the typical Bai homes, the plain little storefront at times, foreigners can be seen sitting shop operators around the world, style bars, cafes, craft antiques, clothing stores, Massage service center, business center, of course, including Internet cafes (0.40 yuan per minute). At night the bar was filled with romantic candlelight soft lights, regardless of foreign relief to the people leisurely enjoying the unique security Dali quiet America.
But a better place to go is north of the city outside the three pagodas. From the north gate to spend money to rent a seven-five-seater small carriage, Tick Tock to walk and look at - if you are a winter Dali, or the bald one north-south river, the Huang Cancan Erhai Lake over the rape, released snow The snow-capped mountains, the next Bi faint lining the lake, be sure you elated - in less than 10 minutes, then came to the symbols of this cultural city in front of three pagodas.
Although the three pagodas of your ticket number (25 million), but definitely worth. Get in the door, in the face Cangshan, down the ramp slowly and the line, the blue of the sky three high-rise quietly Zhili the Sule Pagoda. Here are the original large-scale Chong Holy Mosques. According to "Nanzhao unofficial", "white classical and mind" and other historical records, temple-based side seven years, Lee Sung-Mei Sheng Seng Sage to build three towers, housing 890, the Buddha 11400, 40590 pounds of copper, was built in the main Feng 10th Nanzhao Paul revealed to the first year and ten-year (AD 834-840), the costs of more than 708,000 workers, consumption of gold and silver value of gold brocade cloth rungra 43514 pounds. 1925 earthquake, tower Zhen Luo, broken re-benefits. After a careful maintenance. Locals say that when the repair tower, from the inside out gold silver Buddha Buddha countless other things.
Behind the Three Pagodas, is an elegant green spaces, several groups scattered during stool stone table. Slowly sat down, looked up, Cangshan light snow on top of dense, Fei Ji Ji, while the sun shines, sent a very warm, diffuse clouds while cloth, wrapped in Cecil Liang Qi, suddenly changing mood With the instantaneous wander up and down the well-being. The Dingli millennium santa, stood silently behind you. Hui-Min who may be able to ponder the matter, a dash of Zen.
Further north from the Three Pagodas and a half hours drive through the ancient city of Dali's most famous tie-dye Hei Chau and Zhouzhuang town, then to the "Five Golden Flowers" where A Peng and Jin Hua "old place" Butterfly Spring. Butterfly Spring is named for butterfly. Early summer each year, thousands of butterflies flying from all directions, in the fountain fly sky. Butterflies as big as a slap in the face, small, such as coins, countless butterflies even have enough hooks, head and tail Xiang Xian, an ancient string from the fountain Nazhu vigorous hanging from the acacia tree, water, colorful, spectacular. The landscape was 300 years ago, the great traveler Xu Xia-ke inquiries that they traveled to Dali, firsthand view of this scene, and gave a detailed account, from Butterfly Spring reputation Yuanyang, especially the all-pervasive foreign butterflies enthusiasts. In recent years, due to serious deterioration of the ecological environment and excessive capture, even if the annual Lunar New Year April 5 will be butterflies, "Fun stream, the multicolored Huanran" scene gone. Can be described as "Butterfly gone, Quan golden empty leisurely."
In recent years, Cangshan north on the No. 11 peak of small Cenfeng erected a ropeway up the mountain. Top rope and then 90 years in collaboration opened yudai wander path. This 16 km long, 2 meters wide and an altitude of about 2600 meters of mountainside Cangshan on the footpath, it will link up the many attractions. Yuhuan along the line, Cang-er panoramic view of the earth and can be enjoying Cangshan on Qifengyidan, Linquan waterfalls. Among these is the most Qijue Eichhornia hole. Eichhornia holes are not holes, but by the natural cliff rock and take the two together formed, the shape of Eichhornia big hole, hence the name. Eichhornia hole was climbed the cliff, the hole side of a cliff at a single bed size Shitai, called the celestial bed. Wall engraved with the "here and the non-human", "should be aware that there are other days." Shitai opposite birds difficult crossing of the cliff, inexplicably hung more than a dozen large and small shrines, handed down to the fifties there day and night, according to Gao Ren bed Discipline. Shitai famous sentimentalism or local land, so give one's life, also known as rock, circulating countless touching love story.
When fine weather, standing jade belt road, visible to the other side of Erhai Lake on top of the Golden Tower Gyejoksan. Gyejoksan is located in Dali County, Binchuan jurisdiction within the state. Buddhist mountains in the southwest, one of a reputation in Southeast Asia. Summit overlooks can be tokan sunrise, Seibo Cangshan Erhai Lake, South reward clouds, Beitiao Yulong Snow Mountain. Xu Xia-ke this is also highly appreciated. But the traffic is not particularly convenient.
Dali surrounding counties, as well as Eryuan Bai fishing village, Weishan Mount Weibao, Jianchuan caves are worth a visit, but subject to traffic restrictions, the far-off scarce.
However, all have been to Dali far off, this tribal intersection to build a beautiful picture of all praise. Local pupils Ren-long joint, the joint description of history, the second line of natural tracing can be considered a complete summary of Dali:
Looked Shijiu Feng ago, Britain and Mongolia Section stumble, still rivers and mountains, the most memorable back Can Bei Zheng, Anan Lie Ju, the scholar wrote Yun, Shi Yu tours, the World changed for several rise and fall with the water to go past all;
Hyakuji a mile distant, lock tower standard, boundless Temptress Moon, the snow conditions are more Cangshan, Erhai Ben Tao, Pallas's Fish-eye cloud, Kam Sho, Elvin Rain in a ceiling height of a balcony table, this body in the drawing of the suspect.
Relevant background information:
1, Dali travel-related Name Address Phone
State Tourism Bureau Dali Dali City (Shimonoseki) Fuxing Road, the state government 0872-2121246
Dali City, Dali City Tourism Bureau (Dali), No. 245, Fuxing Road, 0872-2670384
Tourism Resort District Management Committee Dali Dali City (Dali), No. 245, Fuxing Road, 0872-2671545
Eryuan County Tourism Bureau, within Eryuan county 0872-2124023
Binchuan Binchuan County Tourism Bureau, within 0872-7144651
Weishan Weishan County Tourism Bureau, within 0872-6120743
State Tourism Product Development Company (off) 0872-2123292 Cangshan Road, No. 5
Dali Mall (Shimonoseki) Building Road No. 3, 0872-2124290
Chow national tie-dyed Factory (Dali) Xizhou weeks of urban 0872-2471613
Nanzhao Commerce Street (Dali) greenstone cell 0872-2672033
Second, temperatures in Dali Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
8.6 10.5 14.2 17.8 20.3 20.8 20.8 20.1 18.5 16.0 11.7 8.3
Third, from Kunming Dali regional transport aircraft, trains, highways and general road passenger bus to Dali. To visitors, the high-speed Express Bus is the best choice, trip about 5 hours, an ordinary passenger will have to line 8-9 hours. A daily train and traveled 12 hours.
There are direct flights from Tianjin Dali aircraft.
4, native products:
Marble, cloud wood furniture, straw hats, tie-dyed clothing, silver, Tuo, Milk Cake, Sydney, papaya, azaleas, orchids, camellias.
5, national holidays:
March Street: Lunar New Year March 15 in the West Gate in Dali ancient city and held a peak foot grand exchange of goods of all ethnic groups, which lasted 7 days, to livestock, medicines, daily necessities, furniture, and the means of production as the main trading products. Began in Nanzhao period lasted 1300 years.
Local deity Festival: Bai each village has its own patron saint, known as the local deity. Section are generally installed in the local deity local deity's birthday that day. Time of 1-3 days. Bai is the oldest national holiday.
Around the three spirits: also known around the forest. Every year since April 22 -24 held. People around the Erhai Cangshan procession to pray for good weather, Renshounianfeng. Festival that day, singing in antiphonal style, rattle dance, with a very strong local flavor.
Butterfly will: Every year since April 15, next to be held at the Butterfly Spring. People come to watch butterflies butterflies gathering at the spectacle, there are also young men and women looking for loved a good time.