Westbound Diary (CUI Qiu Shi Cui Wei)
August 12, 2002 Monday, seven clear of wind temperature 36 ℃
August 11, we boarded the westbound train T197 times. With the speeding train to Xinjiang in the backdrop through the window we see the Golden Zhangye, Wuwei farmland Green Wave Silver and witnessed the grand majesty of the world with big, smell the fragrance Yujiu on the Jiuquan Road. When night falls, we have already crossed the Great Wall, near Dunhuang. The afterglow of the setting sun shining on the top of the snow on the Qilian Mountain, reflecting the golden light, rolling pulse of the Qilian Mountains into the night gradually Tibet, only the peak of snow in the reflection, just like a seat Jinshan floating in the air.
Wake up, our train has passed Shanshan into the edge of the Turpan Basin, watching countless oil drilling along the tower and that the flame of natural gas rigs Tuzhe feels like rolling in the western development heat in the Under Huoyanshan surging, as if the artery with the West-East toward the Yangtze River Delta, so that Shanghai, Oriental Pearl TV is more brilliant.
11:00 am, we have successfully reached the Urumqi City. On the train, because there is air conditioning, do not feel the heat. After the station has just made the doors, it felt a heat wave rushing toward us, as if falling into a large steamer. Hot sun baked people just want to go to a cool place to drill, although the sky was also a little bit a little wind, but because of days of heat, is also the warm wind blowing, which people have begun to miss the weather from Lanzhou to.
Starting yesterday, when the autumn rain, Lanzhou is the breeze blowing gently, stroll the streets in the speckled rain was very pleasant. In order to enjoy this gift of nature, I deliberately at the station square go for a while, either near the drive, I will continue to stay forever.
Yao Chi heaven and earth is also
August 14, 2002 Wednesday, sunny air temperature 34 ℃ Wind 4
Tianchi away from Urumqi, Xinjiang's not far from the second main peak in the Tianshan Mountains - Bogda Peak of the mountain, it's like a flower in full bloom huge mountains of snow lotus. Legend of the Queen Mother of the sky to see the Tianshan white snow melt together into a Tianchi pure cool water, they mobilize people to live fairy bathing in the Heavenly Lake. "Journey to the West" in the Monkey King has in this row Yao Chi peach banquet. Throughout the ages, many literati poetry Fu-wen, praise doubly. Legend of more than 3,000 years ago, King Mu in Tianchi the Queen Mother of the River and West Huan feast singing in antiphonal style, leaving the much-told story through the ages, won the "Jade Pool," laudatory. The early seventies, Kuo Mo-jo, accompanied by Prince Sihanouk, tourism, bordered by a lake hum the words, "Shen Nong Mo Yan at the end of a pond, trees are long-milli quite Biduan" in Sentences. Sentences of these myths and legends and celebrities, giving Tianchi added a lot of fascinating colors. I grew up attracted by the myths and legends, fantasy forward to the day to personally Tianchi a tour and see the place where this magic.
Morning, we take the car straight down the highway at the foot of Tianshan Mountain in Fukang City, into the Tianshan Valley along the winding coast road has been reached Tianchi.
Heavenly Lake, located north of Tianshan Mountains Bogda Peak is located in Fukang City, 40 km south east, 110 km away from Urumqi. "Heavenly Lake" and one from 48 years of Qianlong (AD 1783) are unified in Urumqi bright title "Soul Mountain Tianchi dig drains Commission Inscription." Tianchi is a world famous mountain lake. In 1982, was listed as the first batch of national key scenic spots. Tianchi lake elevation of 1900 meters from north to south more than 3,000 meters long from east to west at its widest point 1,500 meters, the water-wang season water area of 4.9 square kilometers, the deepest 105 meters, with a total storage capacity 160 million cubic meters. Riding Tianchi starting from the day will be arrived in the eastern Tianshan Mountains ─ ─ altitude of 5445 meters peak of the Bogda Mountains, the eastern Tianshan Mountains Bogda Peak is the main mountain. "Bogda" in Mongolian meaning "gods." Bingfeng Setsurei throughout the year, such as Ginko suit of armor, ancient Mongolians fear that the "God", hence the name. Less than three kilometers away from the main peak, with 5287 meters to 5213 meters Bogda two of the Bogda peak and three peaks, forming a "plug from Sanfeng and cold clouds," the magnificent scenery, coupled with around 4,000 meters above sea level there are seven or more The Bingfeng. This is a huge body of the Tianshan Mountains Bogda peaks of the eastern part of the just see.
Tianchi all year round, superb scenery.
The summer, where a beautiful, fresh and pleasant, is an excellent summer resort, visitors can climb mountains, wearing jungle, overlooking the panoramic Tianchi. Can also Bibo Haomiao lake where boating, enjoy lake view. Surrounded by towering mountains on the Tasson, lush, vibrant, like many Luo Hanzhong Tianchi guard next to the field. Bogda the reflection of distant snow-capped mountains reflected in the Tianchi the water, facing the Tianchi dressing like a fairy, very beautiful.
In winter, Tianchi blanketed by trees, do not have some scenery, the lake ice as jade, is rare in the alpine skating rink.
Legend of the year the water often overflows Tianchi pool, causing flooding to the surrounding people. Queen Mother learned of this, unplug the head of the jade hairpin inserted in the Tianchi the edge into a tall elm tree, the water never rose from off this tree, and later the common people to the tree as "Dinghaishenzhen . " In fact, such as the Tianchi natural alpine lakes, there are bound to export water entry. In order to find water exports, we have carefully observed around Tianchi, and finally falls in the Tianshan Mountains to find the answer. In order to solve the original problem Tianchi overflow Qing Dynasty Governor's bright edge of the Tianchi dug a culvert, as the overflow from the overflow culverts Tianchi water Fei Liu Mashimo, forming a ladder a few hundred-meter-high waterfall, waterfall stir to mist in the sun formed under the irradiation of a Road, rainbow, very spectacular. Fairy Queen Mother is said to then lead the people is marching to Tianchi of this rainbow.
Beautiful scenery, fantastic legends, so that those of us in the mouth visitors yearn afternoon a memorable one. If it were not because of collective action, I really want you here many nights and see how the Queen Mother and the fairies come the earth.
August 15, 2002 Thursday, sunny wind 4 temperature 36 ℃
Today we all went to Urumqi, with another one near the scenic Baiyang Gou, Wei Cui here riding a horse, several of us sat a little older horse, seeing the natural scenery, observe the local customs, we played with fairly happy. However, Nanshan warehouse made me lunch, when soldiers dispersed Waterloo.
Warehouse Yan political commissar of the We are very enthusiastic to welcome us to the reservoir area of the Kazakh yurts, with the Kazakh national etiquette to entertain us. Propose a toast to each of the guests began to host a bowl, and then accompany the owner has in turn propose a toast to the guests, drink not work. Normally I can not drink in the wine market is not good entertainment, but the owners were so hospitable, do not drink are afraid of embarrassing themselves had to bite the bullet and drank two bowls, so drunk on the spot in the yurts. It also do not count, warehouse, Dr Ng took me from the ground up without any explanation and hard to pull up a bowl of irrigation. I already stinking even worse, the viscera straight on the Bay, in order to avoid leaving the scene broadcast to the owner the trouble of cleaning the battlefield and stubbornly relying on its own will not spit it out with restraint. Later how I get on the train, how to come back, I no longer remember. Heard someone say, yes to me to frame Cui Wei Fu back to the car. The day sleeping in my bed, five or six hours, and even did not eat dinner.
After this defeat the mountain lesson, let me further appreciate the leadership of the Nanshan warehouse receiving "true" passion, Nanshan warehouse Dr Ng "true" calendar harm!
Fire Island's "roast inspection"
August 16, 2002 Friday, seven clear of wind temperature 41 ℃
Today, we went to visit the famous Fire Island Turpan. Car just entering the Turpan Basin, we felt the warmth of the fire continents. Although the car air-conditioning has been opened to the greatest cooling files, but the window glass like a firewall, like roasted human whole body sweating. When we arrived, "Gao, the ancient city", the sky without the sun, I want to cool off under the car. A car door, there is Yi Gu heat waves rushing toward us, hot people of breath. Wanted to take pictures in the ancient city can be strange heat intolerable, so that we had to give up the idea of taking pictures to visit, the car quickly to avoid heat.
Huoyanshan from the east west, lie in the Turpan basin, the mountain is about 98 kilometers and a width of 9 km, in order to spur one of the Tianshan Mountains. The main peak is located east of Turpan city about 40 kilometers altitude of 831.7 meters. Millions of years, the crustal horizontal movement and the nature of the wind storm stripped, forming a Huoyanshan undulating mountains and aspect of the gully. In the hot sun light, a red brown sandstone of the anti-heat, hot air billowing up YUNTENG wind around like a fire burning flames. That is, "Flaming Mountains" name of origin. Huoyanshan on the high temperature and drought, "birds a thousand miles can not come."
Huoyanshan at the "Silk Road" North Road. Still retained many cultural monuments and historical anecdotes. Huoyanshan magic landscapes, unique property, a large number of cultural sites, and "Journey to the West," the Monkey King and destroy Huoyanshan by the beautiful palm-leaf fan fan of the legend, cuisine Sunburn child population. In recent years, Yourenruzhi formed Huoyanshan travel. We have come to the next Huoyanshan was noon sun in the sky is red, the mountain is a fiery red stone, in the sun irradiation, at the foot of the red gravel, like being red-hot of the Tan. The surface temperature reaches more than 80 degrees, is said to be able to boiled eggs.
In order to visit the prestigious Bozi Creek Caves, and we braved the heat into the cave. Caves excavated in the Eastern Han Dynasty, a total of 236 caves have been largely destroyed. Only 75 surviving a number of cave paintings, but the statue was destroyed and leave no one, murals have been dredged and look horrible. A large number of precious cultural relics have been artificially destroyed, watched the heartbreak. If I had known cultural monuments were destroyed was so heavy, might as well do not look, enlightened and the status quo, at least not seem so sad. In order to visit and we paid the price, Cui Wei sandals are hot sand Tangde opened the plastic surface.
That afternoon, we came to the Grape Valley. In primary school textbooks I knew there was Grape Valley in Xinjiang, today in person on the ground, then they realized the various descriptions of the textbooks are so vivid and moving. Looking from the Turpan city, Flaming Mountains, brilliant red sand, vegetation, no life. But Huoyanshan canyon about 15 km away from the urban area Grape Valley, but the other is a heavy day. Grape Valley north-south length of about 8 km wide and a half kilometers, inhabited by Uighurs, Hui and Han were about 6,000 more than the three ethnic groups. More than 400 hectares of arable land, grape growing area, which amounts to more than 220 hectares. Groove of the beautiful scenery, and the ditch outside the sharp contrast. Mizoguchi into a lush green vine shop Emerald, Man Shan over the valley. Streams, qu shui, Oasis adds to the valley infinite poetic. Mulberry, peach, apricot, pears, apples, pomegranates, walnuts, figs and a variety of watermelon, melon make Grape Valley can truly become an "100 Orchard." Yu, Yang, Liu, Huai and many other trees around the ditch, so that Grape Valley has become a "100 Linyuan." Ditch the vines intertwined, its winding, strings of grapes, show of hands reach. Thompson Seedless grapes, horses breast, rose red, than the clip dry Kashihaer, black grapes and Haloxylon many grape varieties, there are butter yellow, with deep plum, a light green, the shape of pearls, like agate, if Jade aroma Xiren to see a population of endogenous let-chun. Under the grape trellis Yourenruzhi may be no one hands-on Quzhai a grape taste of tourists who need to consciously pays for to buy. This scenario reminds me of the War of Liberation widely circulated, "the story of an apple." There are also wonderful folk dance performances, ethnic food, there is a dazzling display of the national tourist souvenirs, as well as folk exhibitions and so on. Comrade Peng Zhen wrote the inscription "Grape Valley" engraved on a huge stone, many tourists before the camera pictures of the stone. At this point, I just feel that this "Grape Valley" This is not just a few Chinese characters carved on a stone tablet, but also engraved in people's hearts.
August 17, 2002 Saturday Sound from the Dark Force 6 temperature 32 ℃
Today, we embarked on a train to Kashgar. When the train speed along the Tarim Basin, the window is an oasis in the Gobi desert, a huge train into the wide world, if just a tiny insects crawling. "Vast" as found in the books, and much, when the Tarim Basin can be when you come to truly understand its exact meaning. Once the two shells Bao Xiang of China's place. It was at this place, Corps soldiers and the local ethnic minority after decades of hard work to change the ecological environment here, and built a number of oasis, and is creating huge social and economic value. When the train through the Korla, Kuqa, Aksu and other places outside the window the grass trees, fruit trees and are covered with fruit flowering color cotton, azure waves of the growth of lush rice and maize, sorghum, as if to demonstrate a bright future . I remember such a song - "Xinjiang is a good place." The past, the meaning of this song do not understand, but now I know that sings is a fact.
Has shown signs of Kashgar
August 18, 2002 Sunday 3 clear wind temperature 32 ℃
That afternoon, we arrived in Kashgar, living in the "color full hotels." The hotel was originally Czarist Russia consulate in Kashgar, and later converted into a reception of foreign hotel guests. Hotel construction is very national characteristics, and even the waiters were all in the Uygur girl. Operator of the guesthouse is very business ideas, and every time a group of clients who are used to indicate the owner of Uygur songs and dances of welcome and hospitality. We had just arrived by the national song and dance of welcome, feel pleasure naturally cheerful, and soon forget the fatigue of the journey. Afternoon we visited the Grand Bazaar, Kashgar Grand Bazaar is the largest farmer's market in Xinjiang. As early as 2000 years ago, here is a commodity distribution center on the Silk Road. Now, here is even more crowded. Every Sunday drive, "Bazaar" This day, on the outskirts of the roads, busy, crowd rolling. A variety of local products, handicrafts, daily necessities, fruits and vegetables, as well as the means of production, size of livestock, etc., "Bazaar" on everything. Early in the morning on the outskirts of the farmers donkey to catch a carriage drive into the city, "bazaar." To Kashgar in the city is full of song and laughter with one of prosperity.
In Kashgar Grand Bazaar, we have an initial taste of the ethnic minorities and customs. Residential architectural styles from the local people's clothes and makeup, the people's living habits, the market of goods and so on display appearance point of view, people feel as if I walked into the only in the movies or TV to see images of ethnic minorities, the Also like walking into an Arab foreign country.
Ban Chao Congrong to land the national mosque Xiangfei Hometown
August 19, 2002 Monday, sunny Wind 2 temperature 33 ℃
Today, we are in the southern military region, accompanied by the guidance of a small Chao visited Kashgar famous "dish attributed to the city", "Xiangfei Mu", "Id Kah Mosque."
"Pan Tuo Town" is located in Kashi City, south-eastern suburbs to the south for more than a Ti Bage, AD 74-91 years, the Eastern Han Dynasty stationed at this famous general Ban Chao as long as 17 years of the ancient castle ruins. Ban Chao to disk sack the city as a base, the fight against the West slave, to appease the Western Regions, the central government to restore the rule of the Western Regions, and re-opened the Silk Road. Today, the local government in the former site of the ancient city built on plate sack the city, covering 14.5 acres, to Ban Chao statue as the center, 36 warrior statues standing along the left-right symmetry Shinto, after lining 36 m long, 9 meter-high stone wall of large semi-circular screen relief, City, a built-in gate, guting, stone arch, walls, beacon towers. The local government is said to be built here, "Ban Chao Memorial Park," come back here next year, it may become a very beautiful parks.
"Xiangfei Mu" was originally called - Epahuojia tomb, the latter because of the Qianlong Emperor Xiang Fei buried here, in turn named "Xiangfei Mu." Is located in the outskirts of Kashgar, located in the northern suburb of Kashgar city, 5 kilometers east of Kokand village covers an area of 30 acres, was built in 1640 AD, around 350 years ago has been, is a typical ancient tomb of the Islamic-style buildings. is currently the state-level key cultural relics protection units. mausoleum from the gate, the small Mosque, Grand Mosque, teaching by the Church and the main tomb five parts. the main tomb in the cemetery east, is that the office buildings of the main building, the magnificent shape, style solemn gorgeous, the highest for the entire building complex is also the most ambitious beautiful tomb in Xinjiang. Tomb circle cube structure for the main vault, horizontal length 36 meters, depth of 29 meters, 27 meters high rock. Tomb surrounded by the wall, from the green glazed brick veneer, two-color inter-to yellow-blue mosaic tiles, ceramic tiles painted with colored surfaces patterns, as well as Arabic aphorisms. Tomb tomb room table, lined with size ranging from 58 Fenqiu, buried a family of five generations of a total of 72 people Epahuojia. Xiangfei Mu is a stylized ancient Uighur-style buildings, towering trees, flowers bright, from afar, colorful, dazzling, just like a tall, magnificent palaces, is spectacular luxury. In particular, the strange is that this magnificent building is not even a wood, all rely on mud-brick buildings cleverly made use of mechanics, and it is wonderful workmanship excelling nature. "Xiangfei Mu" is China's ancient Uygur architectural model.
"Id Kah Mosque" is located in downtown Kashgar, is a large-scale Islamic buildings, has been 500 years of history. AD 1442, the ruler of Kashgar沙克斯米尔扎first built a mosque, to pray for the souls of his friends and relatives. Later, several construction and renovation through the ages into its present form and size. The monastery from the chapel, taught by the Church, a gatehouse, pool and other buildings in the composition. Mosques are being taught by the Church the 160 meters, 16 meters into the deep. Langyan very spacious, there are more than 100 flowers pillared Root, roof top is a beautifully carved and painted floral patterns. The main hall opened a deep center of the wall niches, placing a higher level Kannei the throne. Sunday, the big lead by the mullahs stood Kannei. Friday or "Eid al-Adha," Maulana standing on the steps of missionaries. Christians were ordered into the rear turn first hall, after Dianwai, facing the western church. Whenever a grand festival of Islam - "Ramadan" and "Eid al-Adha," comes, the mosque became the square in front of the local Uighur people enjoy happiness. Uighur dressed in festive costumes of young men, with the cheerful sound of drums, jump passionate "Sema" dance scene is very spectacular.
Afternoon we went to "the international market in West Asia" - Grand Bazaar for shopping, 12:30 pm fly to Urumqi by plane, arriving at 3:00 am resting place already. That night we take the 5801 Train to the motherland's western port Alashankou purpose is to look abroad to increase border perceptual knowledge, enhance sense of patriotism.
August 20, 2002 Tuesday sunny Wind 8 Temperature 32 °
When we ride the train arrived in Alashankou was already 10 am and more, in order to be able to schedule back in Urumqi, we get off first thing after the first return journey to purchase tickets. The second thing is to look at ports abroad. The third thing to look at borders border posts. Luckily, three things have been operating very smoothly.
Alashankou port is approved by the State Council of the railway road access both the national first-class ports, port management area of 155 square kilometers, urban planning land 15 square meters. September 12, 1990, the new Asia-Europe Bridge Completed Alashankou port as the northwest region's largest land port, since its inception, will be the "bridgehead west Chinese segment of the Eurasian Continental Bridge," the special position of being attracted worldwide attention. In recent years, through the port builders hard work, has accumulated more than 500 million yuan was invested in former days the vast Gobi Desert. Sparsely populated Alashankou, and now to develop an import and export trade, processing industry and transit of goods, a modern port-based Metro erected, and has become an important gateway to the west and opening up. According to the experts predict that the New World through the Alashankou bridge a total length of 11,000 kilometers, with the adoption of the Siberian Continental Bridge has obvious advantages in comparison. It avoided the alpine region, the eastern port of non-frozen period, so that significant improvement in transportation conditions, and to shorten the transport distance of 2,000 km, saving 30% of freight over the sea to save 60% of the time and 80% of the freight. It has attracted Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia and other countries and regions, the transport of goods to this cost-effective transportation line to move closer. New World Bridge 40% of the mileage in our country, it will run through provinces and autonomous regions along the railway to develop the economy, develop resources to promote economic integration between eastern and opening-up and growth play an important role. At present, the Alashankou railway, highway equipped ports, railway cargo capacity of over 200 - 300 million tons. City District, banks, post and telecommunications, water supply, electricity, hospitals, radio and television facilities, new urban roads 11 to build various types of housing a total area of 43 square meters, urban infrastructure facilities are being perfected. The Joint Inspection unit Alashankou customs, border inspection stations, Animal and Plant Quarantine Bureau, Health and Quarantine Bureau, the Export Commodities Inspection Bureau, as well as railway stations, highways Sinotrans and other enterprises from 16 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions of offices, businesses and individual industrial and commercial households.
Due to "9.11" events, in line with international anti-terrorist activities, last year China had closed Alashankou ports, border trade activities have been halted, ports appears to be very lonely. Our country to bear the resulting economic loss is difficult to calculate.
To leave the port, we came to the border post - "draft first post," boarded the outpost tower with a high-powered binoculars to observe the border town of Kazakhstan - Kazakhstan may day and sentinels along with a souvenir photo. Can not think of a sentinel on duty from Jiangsu Jiangnan land of plenty came to him from the motherland of the most west, guarding the west gate of the motherland. This selfless devotion of patriotic behavior was awe. In the border pillar stands near where a large stone, upright and strong, inscribed three characters - "the wind stone." Stroking the wind stone, I think it is our frontier guard, no matter how fierce the storm comes, he has steadfastly guarding the border line of the motherland, patch of land to prevent.
At noon, we came to the capital of Boertala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture family Bole City, made a brief rest. Bortala in the Warring States Period to the Western Han Dynasty, has for the Cypriot species, Yuezhi and Wusun nomadic land, then one after another for the Yue-like and Western Turkic Khaganate occupied. Tang Dynasty set up here Shuanghe Dudufu, scribe most of the North Court Care House, Tang spared from the early Yuan Dynasty is Kara-Khitan Khanate. Yuan attached Ali Mari province, the name "Bo drop off children." Ming, Waci nomadic, the name "Pa thorns," the Ministry of Qing Dynasty for the Junggar nomadic, the post-scribe General Ili prefecture jurisdiction; in 1888 set up the Jinghe Hall, Slavery and the town of Dee Road, after the 1911 Revolution, in 1913 set the Jinghe County, 1920, Bole County home in 1942, Hot Springs County, home again. In 1949, Xinjiang was peacefully liberated. July 13, 1954, Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture was established, and the gradual establishment of regional ethnic autonomy institutions. Beginning in 1984, established the state, county People's Congress Standing Committee. Bole county revoked in 1985, the establishment of Bole. Since reform and opening, Bole City, as the country's foreign trade window, economic development has been rapid development and people's standard of living has been greatly improved and the city building with each passing day. We walk in the street, just as the body home in coastal cities, and no little sense of the Western Regions.
Yamaguchi morning, the weather sunny. Bole night when we went to the railway station, the wind whipped up eight big wind in the wires on the issue of Laer's call and a strong wind blowing the sand to keep the station on the windward side of the fence was nothing left of the paint sanding. Winds blew the platform to gain a foothold in order to maintain balance, we have written for the tilt against the wind. Said that such a wind in the Yamaguchi area is commonplace, 11, two of the winds is also common here. This moment, I truly understand the extent of pass wind, but also a more profound understanding of the "wind stone" character.
August 22, 2002 Sunday 3 clear wind temperature 34 ℃
After a day of rest, we are ready to return to Lanzhou, the train ride 198 times. Punctuality at the start should be 19:40 in Urumqi can wait until 2:50 am before departure. Depriving the Xinjiang test station Director Zhang and driver for us to send the two stations, and stay with us at the train station waiting for 67 hours. Later heard that it is the westbound train to escape the wind, the 13 room stations stopped seven hours. According to the conductor say, Turpan region, winds reached 11, 2, wind blown train straight swinging, if not pit stop, the train may be strong winds are blowing turn. After listening to these circumstances, our hearts secretly pray that we rode the train line Do not encounter strong winds.
Fortunately, we rode the train a pleasant journey, after 24 hours of hard work, finally 23, safely arrived in Lanzhou station 2:50 am. Hung's heart is after all the way back to the atrium.