Tibet Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of Profile southwest border, southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, longitude 78 ° 25 'to 99 ° 06', latitude 26 ° 44 'to 36 ° 32' between. It is bounded by the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, northeast connecting the east of Sichuan Province, Yunnan Province, south-east and connected; south and west with Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Sikkim and Kashmir and other countries and regions bordering China and the formation of national and border region of all or part of the total length of 4000 kilometers. Tibet, with its magnificent, magical magnificent natural scenery known. Her vast territory, spectacular landscape and abundant resources. Since ancient times, people of this land to create a rich and splendid culture. Located in the largest and highest plateau in the world, with an average altitude of 4 km or more, south across the Himalayas and India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar and other countries bordering. North and east of Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan and other provinces for the neighborhood.
Population: 2.81 million total population of the region (the end of 2006 figures). The birth rate is 17.4 ‰, mortality rate was 5.7 ‰, the natural growth rate of 11.7 ‰. The population density is 221 persons per square kilometer, is also very uneven distribution of population in Tibet, the majority of the population concentrated in the south and east. Average life expectancy before the peaceful liberation in 1951 from 35.5 years to 67 years now.
Area: 120 square kilometers.
Administrative divisions: Tibet were designated a prefecture-level city, 6 regions, a county-level cities, 76 counties.
Climate: average annual temperature is 8 degrees National: Tibet is a Tibetan autonomous regions as the main body, there are other Han, Hui, Monba, Lhoba and so on. Sherpas and peoples have not recognized Deng, their small number, only 2000 people.
Tourist attractions: the unique geographical environment created a unique snow-covered scenery.
Introduction of Tibet: Tibet's unique plateau both snowy scenery, enchanting tropical style, but with this kind of fusion of nature and landscape, but also the eyes of Tibet in travelers with a truly unique charm. So far, there are many Tibetans living outside the plateau of the modern customs and have a great distance, also due to the generation of distance, only to Tibet, all with the ornamental value.
Tibet Autonomous Region People's Republic of one of the five autonomous regions, was established in September 1, 1965.
Tibet Autonomous Region in China's southwest border, southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province is adjacent to the north, east Sichuan, Yunnan Province, south-east and connected to the south and west with Myanmar, India, Bhutan, Nepal and other countries bordering China and these countries formed a nearly 4000-kilometer length of border. Region's land area is 122 square kilometers, accounting for 12.8% of the total area of the country.
Ming and Qing history and culture of Mongolia Oirat United Gushi Khan ruled the Tibetan Plateau Tibetan Buddhist, so the rise of the Qing Dynasty by Gushi Khan, a relationship with the Tibetan region. Burt said the Tibetans as the Mongolian soil, saying the Tibetans as Amdo area Tangute (from Mongolia, Genghis Khan era began in the Tang Dynasty, said Xia Wu). The early Qing Dynasty, Tibetan literature known as "white listeriosis map" or "Tangut", emperor Shunzhi possession of Pakistan, said Khan "Figure White listeriosis tribal zangba Khan," said the Dalai Lama as "Dalai Lama tribe white listeriosis map ", where" white listeriosis map "that comes from Mongolian" soil Burt "and Mongolian" soil Burt "and from the" Tibetan ", that is, from the Tibetan claimed bod. To the Emperor Kangxi, the Qing Dynasty and to further deepen relations between the Tibetan region, the Qing Dynasty and gradually learned the various parts of the Tibetan areas in the political, social, ethnic, etc. There are many differences in the name of each part is not the same. In addition to continuing with the "white listeriosis map" referred to Tibetan areas, the Qing Dynasty, the Dalai Lama, the Panchen Lama, the Tibetan habitats, and adopted the habit of known as the "Wu Si Tibet", "Tsang" and later by the "Guardian of the" one evolved into the word "Tibet."
Tibet Travel Travel wedding day must be considered in the seasonal factors. Cold winter and long summer climate of the area is short, only some areas of Southeast Tibet, more distinct seasons. For Lhasa, Shigatse and Shannan areas in terms of transportation, basically all year round trip, from July to September is the best tourist season, the temperatures moderate, the festival is greater.
1. Ali area is the best spring and autumn days, Xia Tiannan line is not good to go, after the winter snow is not easy to pass a basic;
2. Nyingchi summer road is not good, cold spring of hip, for the most beautiful scenery in the fall, when the climate is also the best;
3. Changdu a plane leads to the chang city, but also the rainy season, poor road conditions;
4. In addition to the Qinghai-Tibet highway outside the northern Tibet, the summer lake basically no way to go, the spring wind, the best way to fall, but the relatively short time, as long as no snow downtown, take it very convenient for the winter. Overall, spring and autumn days is the best season of outdoor tourism in Tibet.
In addition, 7-8 months per year tourist season in Tibet, this time the climate in Tibet is indeed the best and the warmest time, every time this time, there are a large number of domestic and foreign tourists flocked. Airfare, housing, vehicles will become tight and expensive.
The upper and lower traffic information security Sichuan-Tibet Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tibet aircraft / Yunnan-Tibet-Nepal Highway line line coach hire off-road vehicles is the only barrier Tibet train provinces, Tibet has now entered the main travel is by plane and car.
Aviation: international and provincial level in Tibet Piyou routes. Lhasa to Chengdu, Lhasa to Beijing, Lhasa to Shanghai, Lhasa to Chongqing and Lhasa to Kathmandu, Nepal and other routes, so that tourists out of Tibet travel is very convenient. Gongga airport in Lhasa, Tibet, south of 100 Highway Department, the city to the airport about one and a half hours by car. Gongga airport can accommodate Boeing 747 aircraft, including large-scale, known as the world's highest modern airport. Today Qamdo Bangda Airport has also been a successful trial, the airport can receive Boeing 757 taking off and landing.
Tibet Highway: Take the car mainly in Tibet-Nepal Highway (from China to Nepal) and Lhasa to the Friendship Bridge Zhangmu port, length 736 km; Qinghai-Tibet Highway, from Golmud to Lhasa, the total length of 1214 km, black pavement, on average across the board more than 4000 meters above sea level, rolling across the Kunlun and Tanggula, read the Green Mountains Dracula, and other well-Tibet, Sichuan-Tibet, Yunnan-Tibet Highway. Qinghai-Tibet Highway is the current foreign tourists by car the main route into Tibet.
Possession of the district roads: the existing trunk highway 15, the feeder road 315 and highway mileage of 22000 km
Dining ease of dining in Tibet is much higher than the general population to resemble. Sichuan restaurant in the main towns. Tibet Lhasa, Shigatse City, Shannan Zetang town, the town of Ali Shiquanhe region, Champlain County, Nyingchi region more varieties of vegetables available. Other places due to traffic reasons, less supply of vegetables, the price is much higher than the mainland.
Of course, the health conditions for many tourists is also a problem. Fortunately, relatively strong ultraviolet radiation on the plateau, infectious diseases are relatively small. In addition to outside Lhasa, travel to other places in Tibet are generally not guaranteed to find a restaurant meal time, I suggest you bring some small food to prepare for any eventuality, such as chocolate, meat, snacks and more.
In Tibet, although there are many lakes, but drinking water is a problem. There are quite a lot of lakes in Tibet is the lagoons. Some other lakes though not salty to drink up, but the high mineral content, according to locals would say drink a lot of dumb, or have other problems. Of course, the snow melt flowing water is no problem. Also suggest that you take the raw water to boil a little longer drink, because the boiling point of the plateau, Sheung Shui, much lower than the plains, Lhasa, to 80 degrees or so of water boiling.
Tibetan diet, pastoral, agricultural areas are different. In addition to pastoral diet tsampa, flour and other staple foods, may be simply divided into "red food" and "parasites" categories. "Red" refers to meat, "white" means milk. Summer to "parasites," which, in winter to "red food" oriented. The famous pastoral areas are mutton snacks, lamb sausage, dried meat.
Pay attention to the taste of Tibetan food light, peace. Many dishes, in addition to salt and onion, garlic and spicy sauce of any hold, reflecting the trend of getting back to basics food culture. Lhasa, Shigatse, Zetang and other towns have a variety of restaurants. These are high-end restaurant or a simple matter, and its interior design is reflected out of the Tibetan art. Tibetan painted patterns that "dog shoes" wooden tables, metal fire, "eight Swiss" bowl, Tibetan futon, with a variety of auspicious Tibetan culture such as maps and paintings, all people experience the Tibetan style. Tourists to Tibet, have the choice of these restaurants to taste some unique Tibetan meal. For example, various types of sausage, barley wine and buttered tea, meat, cattle and sheep grasping, cold yak tongue, steamed buns, tsampa, a variety of pastries and sweet tea, milk, yogurt, Sausage, dried meat, Xiapu Qing (meat paste), etc. .
Entertainment in the beautiful fresh Tibet, and Tibetan entertainment features are combined activities. Flying dance, Buddhist name echoes that religious festivals, festivals or religious activities, and this is the essence of Tibetan culture; dress in national costumes, ride a horse Mercedes-Benz, sprinkle Gesang Hua highland barley wine, buttered tea bonfire Ying, fun in the snow grass in the harbor, what fun it is than the last?
Tibet is a quiet and solemn, you like the city life, as if willing to play it, please do not come to Lhasa, where only the Everest and the Potala. Therefore, Tibet is to 用心去感受 entertainment, with tenderness to love.
Shopping to Tibet (in particular, came to Lhasa) travel, tourism, it should be said, is covered with granite octagonal street the first choice of tourists. Barkhor Street is not only religious, cultural, Street, street folk, and that is a famous tourist street, shopping streets and commercial streets. In the Barkhor shopping, will not have any language barriers.
Travel products here, many are full of local flavor and national styles of handicraft products, all kinds of wooden bowls, silver bowls, bamboo bowls, leather goods, knives and other Tibetan handicrafts are the traditional knit; there are many things in Nepal, batch processing business in India and other countries imitation, such as various bone carving animals, anti-true jewelry, colored by anti-old deal "antique"; also a real baby, such as the ancient "mats", rare porcelain, the loss of to the temple heritage folk; or even nine-eyed cat, priceless stone, amber, fine turquoise, red coral ... great Condition ..., which of course requires you to know what's what.
Recommended: Bajiaojie many famous tourist shops, such as in the North of the century-old summer octagonal cap Gabu, "Summer Hat Gabu" in Tibetan means "white hat" is the Nepalese nationals to open a store, you will see the store wearing a conspicuous location on the Ash Val King Birendra and Queen's color portrait.
Recommended: Jokhang Temple Square from the west about 20 meters away is the famous "national mall." Many people say that tourism in Tibet can not go "national mall."