About Jinsha Ruins
Located in the western suburbs of Chengdu Jinsha Jinsha Road, Qingyang District. Jinsha into the twenty-first century is the first major archaeological discovery in 2006, was named the national cultural heritage. "Jinsha" is the Sichuan migrant workers in the excavation site when the wind Garden Street, first discovered in sleeping after being excavated in 3000, "I wake up shaking the next." The cleared site up to more than a thousand pieces of precious cultural relics, including: more than 30 pieces of gold, jade and bronze pieces of the 400, 170 stone, ivory, more than 40 devices, the total weight of nearly unearthed tons of ivory, in addition to a large number of pottery unearthed. View from the era relics, most about the Shang Dynasty (17th century BC - 11th century BC) and the late Western Zhou (11th century BC - 771 BC) Early, a small part for the Spring and Autumn period (BC 770 - 476 BC). Moreover, with the progress of excavation, does not rule out the possibility of important discoveries. Jinsha Site Museum is to protect, research, and archaeological finds show Jinsha established theme park-style museum covers an area of 300000 square meters, total construction area of about 38000 square meters. By the remains of hall, museum, heritage center and garden areas and other parts.
Jinsha Site Museum in Chengdu Plain of the southeastern edge of the area, about 5 kilometers east of Chengdu, the site has proved an area of about 5 square kilometers, the scope of the site is flat, undulating small rivers in and around the site more sites 1.5 km south is the fresh water river, diagnostic river is meandering in the east within the site, the site is divided into northern and southern half. Since 2001, archaeological excavations carried out to explore an area of more than 10 million square meters, found that more than 3000 types of sites, but also unearthed a large number of precious relics. According to archaeological sites archaeologists named to the basic principles will include the region, including Huang village commercial, and Zhou dynasties, unified site named "Jinsha Ruins."
Overview <br /> Jinsha Jinsha is around the same period of the Shang and Zhou ruins Center site, there are worship places, large buildings, the general home sites, cemeteries and so on.
Ritual: the site is located southeast of the distribution along the south bank of an ancient river, an area of about 15000 square meters. Associated with the festival found the remains of 63, unearthed gold, bronze, jade, stone and other precious relics of more than 6000 pieces of ivory Hundreds also unearthed more than 2000 wild boars root fangs, antlers, etc. more than 2000 branch.
Large-scale construction: in the northeast of the Jinsha site is a site formed by the eight large ancestral house or a palace building, the concierge, rooms, vestibule, hall structure, length 90 meters, 50 meters wide, with a total area of about 5000 square meters , which is found in southwest China's largest pre-Qin period a building. Architecture for the wooden frame and walls, the roof covered with thatch.
Housing Address: found more than 70 seats, distributed in more than 10 residential areas, in the room around the site and found that wells, waste pits of life, such as firing pottery kilns.
Cemetery: the graves have been found to concentrate on three, a total of more than 2000 tombs Block. Buried in tombs with single, double burials, both certified double joint burial of a man and woman, husband and wife may be buried; have a burial, secondary re-interment; a earthen pit tombs, Guan tomb. Most of the tombs no grave goods, there are some small funerary pottery tomb, buried a few graves have more bronzes, jade and so on.
It has more than 1000 pieces of unearthed cultural relics of the fine level is extremely high. In the unearthed gold in a gold mask, gold belt, gold round, flared more than 30 pieces of gold, including gold masks and bronze mask Sanxingdui sites are basically the same style in shape, other types of gold There was Jinsha Te. Sunbird gold foil thickness 0.02 cm, using hollow forms to display images, which shows 3000 years ago, ancient carving skills. A wide variety of jade, and very beautiful, color ever. Even more amazing is that jade Etched on the detail, regular geometry. Excellent process control sculptured ivory, just as the ancients said of the welded into a pliant. The largest one is about 22 cm jade cong, its styling consistent with the Liangzhu culture. More than 400 pieces of bronze ware unearthed mainly based on small objects, a bronze portrait stand, copper Yuan, copper Ge, bells, etc., of which copper Figure and the Bronze Figure Unearthed almost the same. 170 stone pieces, including Shiren, tigers, snake stone, stone turtle, are the earliest ever found in Sichuan, the most beautiful stone. Portrait of them knelt to life, experts say, most likely slaves or prisoners of war were noble, suggesting that Shu has been relatively strong at the time. The tigers in the shape of ancient stone vivid. The discovery site of Jinsha Village, is causing concern. The experts agreed that the Jinsha Ruins in Sichuan Province, after following the Sanxingdui one of the most significant archaeological discoveries, Jinsha excavation site on the history and culture of ancient Shu is extremely important. Chengdu has written to test the earliest history of the city of Chengdu can be traced back to the city of Zhang Yi built late Warring States period. Jinsha is suggested by the previous literature did not of precious material, will rewrite the history of Chengdu and Sichuan ancient history.
<br /> Of Jinsha Jinsha relics of archaeological finds, many of which are a special ritual purposes, should be the highest in Chengdu Plain was the relics of the ruling class. These relics both in style and Sanxingdui relics similar, there is some difference, suggesting that the site has more closely with the Sanxingdui history and relationship. The nature of the site of Jinsha now speculate may belong to worship relics, but unearthed a large number of jade, stone and semi-finished products and raw materials, does not exclude the possible existence of workshop sites. However, from a large number of precious cultural relics unearthed in and around large buildings, important remains of view, Sichuan style garden is likely to be commercial in your area to the Western Zhou Dynasty in Chengdu at the end of the political and cultural center. Jade unearthed Ge, Yu Yuan that Sands culture is not isolated, it is with the Yellow River and Yangtze River culture, intrinsically linked to the Liangzhu culture, proving once again that diversity and unity of Chinese culture.
According to literature, Chengdu has written to test the earliest history of the city of Chengdu can be traced back to the city of Zhang Yi late Warring States period building, Commercial Street, the discovery of large Guan buried the remains belong to an enlightened ruler of Shu, a liberal major city in Chengdu Shu signs revealed by the discovery of Jinsha is not recorded in the literature of the new precious materials. Has more than 1000 pieces of cultural relics unearthed a reflection of information: the activities of the ancient Shu early rulers began 3000 years ago. Analysis of the archaeological finds from the site of Jinsha, many of which are a special ritual purposes, should be at the highest Shu relics of the ruling class, both in style these relics with similar Unearthed objects, there is also some differences, indicating that the site more closely with the Sanxingdui history and relationship with, and whether differences exist in the era of a different nature or remains further work is required to determine, the discovery of further evidence Jade Yangtze River culture of ancient Shu culture of some influence. Dominated by small bronze objects, unearthed yet consistent with the large bronze masks Sanxingdui, God bronze trees.
Excavation from the current situation, the nature of the Jinsha site is not yet finalized, now speculate may belong to worship relics, but because a lot of unearthed jade, stone semi-finished products and raw materials, does not exclude the possible existence of workshop sites. Unearthed from more than a thousand pieces of fine artifacts, the Jinsha Ruins have been cleared more than 1000 pieces of precious relics, including gold, jade, bronze, stone, ivory, and numerous devices ivory, pottery and so on.
"Sun Bird" more than 30 pieces of gold ornaments of gold, a gold mask, gold belt, round gold ornaments, frog-shaped gold ornaments, gold ornaments and other flared, in which gold mask dating back some 3000 years, bronze mask with Sanxingdui basically the same style in the form of other specific types of gold ornaments for the Sands.
Sunbird gold was round the body of thin. Patterns with the performance of hollow way, and the inner distribution of twelve toothed rotating light; outer pattern by the four birds before and after the first full phase. The device vivid reproduction of the ancient human "Kim Wu negative day" story of the myths and legends, four Bird in the sun rotated around the fly, reflecting the ancient human beings and the birds of the strong sun worship, is the brilliant achievements of ancient Shu State in the process of gold representative. August 16, 2005 "Sun Bird" became a gold Chinese cultural heritage.
More than 400 pieces of jade, jade cong, jade wall, Yu Zhang, Yu Ge, Yu spears, jade axes, jade cutting, Yu jin, bracelet, Yuhuan, Yu Pai-shaped ornaments, jade ornaments, Ock, and jade and other materials. Unearthed jade is very beautiful, which unearthed the largest one about 22 cm high ten emerald green color of jade cong, its styling consistent with the Liangzhu culture, the Jade carving is extremely fine, hair-fine surface Cong Micro-wire pattern, and a human figure carved designs, called a must; very large quantity of Guyana chisel-shaped jade ornaments and jade tablets distinctive shape; a lot of Yu Zhang carving delicate, rich ornamentation, decoration, some decorated with vermilion.
More than 400 pieces of bronze, basically for small bronzes, mainly copper stand portrait, copper Yuan, copper Ge, Qi-shaped square hole copper wall, copper bells, copper ornaments, bronze ornaments and copper ceremonial pieces, among which copper stand Portrait styling and Bronze Figure Sanxingdui almost identical.
170 stone, with stone walls, stone Zhang, stone spears, stone axes, stone Kneeling Figure, tigers, stone turtle, stone snakes, etc.; square stone Kneeling Figure crested head, both sides of the bend, long braids waist, mouth Department of coated sand, his hands tied behind the cross as a form, its shape and square pools Street, Chengdu, stone unearthed in the same kneeling portraits; tigers for horizontal V-shaped, vivid, ears and mouth coated sand; stone the shape of a snake more diverse.
Control more than 40 pieces of ivory, with only a class of cylindrical shaped, cylindrical-shaped device with a dot in a straight, surrounded by six dots, ivory unearthed numerous, with a total weight of nearly a ton, in the ritual, the The ivory is the ancient Shu people dedicated to the world the importance of the gods offerings. Sometimes the whole root of the ivory is very regular place in one direction; sometimes ivory is cut into pie-shaped or cylindrical; there is only taken when the tip of ivory to worship. These methods reflect a strong religious overtones, with a particular religious meaning.
In addition, a large number of pottery unearthed, a pottery lamp pointed end, pointed end of cup, high handle beans, cans and other ring-foot, watching from the era relics, most of the late Jordan and the early Western Zhou Yin, a small portion of the Spring and Autumn period. Wooden plow also, God painted wood head.
Jinsha Ruins Museum building <br /> Jinsha Ruins Museum construction site in Jinsha Ruins of thematic museums, covers an area of about 30 million square meters, the remains of hall, exhibition hall, heritage center, garden area and the tourist reception center in five parts composition. Total construction area of 37895 square meters, of which the ground floor area of approximately 28000 square meters, about 9000 square meters underground. Green area of over 138000 square meters, 70% green space, planting a ginkgo, dawn redwood, Machilus and other ancient species. Jinsha Ruins Museum a total investment of 389 million yuan.
Remains in the real situation in Henan Museum <br /> sacrificial area, semicircular building area of 7588 square meters. The main structure with large span steel structure, the museum remains as a large column-free space for the protection, excavation, flexible display space. Museum to show the ritual sites, visitors can watch the archeological excavation site close the process, feel the ancient Shu festival frequent and great style.
<br /> Gallery in thoroughly Hebei, was a square, building area of 16200 square meters, including 6000 square meters exhibition area of about Chen. Basement, ground layer, concentrated expression of the Ancient Shu Kingdom during the life of the Sands, the production and its beautiful, looks Wonderful, exquisite artifacts, as well as the ancient Shu civilization, their development and evolution of historical knowledge system introduction.
Museum Conservation Center is located in the northwest corner of <br /> the construction area of about 8000 square meters, is the site of Jinsha relics protection and research areas. Near the center of the text Paul Sands also has a small theater, organize annual cultural performances Jinsha culture-related activities.
There are ebony and jade forest road and other cultural attractions, the main road west of the museum is the "Chinese cultural heritage" of the monument - Sun Bird Square. August 16, 2005, the Sun Bird Unearthed be declared as a gold pattern of Chinese cultural heritage, December 18, 2005, in setting up a permanent memorial sculpture. The park is also equipped with a variety of services and facilities fully functional, with parking, visitor reception centers and rest areas, etc., the total construction area of about 7000 square meters.