Tibetan culture, extensive and profound, has a long history. Five hundred years ago, the Jiuzhaigou's ancestors from the distant, "the world's third-class" - Tibet's Ali movement Thus, from generation to generation, survive, with the surrounding Qiang, Hui and Han nationalities work together to create a unique culture of Kham .
So far, Jiuzhaigou people's food and clothing to the lines, such as weddings and funerals and production methods, but also maintained a rich and ancient Tibetan traditions: beautiful clothing, decisions based on the Cestus, mellow of highland barley wine, buttered tea, white hada, lively Tap , a strong two cows bickering is a life-Chi love; strewn Mani heap towering La Mata, starting the cycle of turning the wheel, is a religious piety.
Po-ytterbium under the rolling rocks, such as Temple, Fei Ge flow Dan, and bell Drum, solemn towering, is built in the Ming at the end of the Tibetan Bon monastery, the annual "good-min Wang" and "Ma chi temple", the sacred and solemn.
However, the Jiuzhaigou folk customs are not necessarily all the same as in Tibet, because here are from Tibet to the Han area, from the pastoral to the agricultural areas of the transition zone, it has a thick edge of cultural flavor. In Jiuzhaigou around the Tibetan and Qiang Hui and Han nationalities live in harmony, mutual promotion and common prosperity: the grass on the handsome riders, the mosque of the Muslims worship, Minjiang River Yu's successor, savor wine and pot Zhuang, carved floor and Qiangdi together compose a a melodious song of national integration.
Hokyo rock, the emerald river, trees set off there is a flow of Dan Fei Ge, Jin Guangyao eyes, solemn buildings, this is the only Jiuzhaigou venues for religious activities such as the Temple ---- tie. The end of the monastery built in the Ming history of migratory birds. The original area of 1.5 million square meters, structural sophistication, features outstanding, with a national style. The entire building complex including the main hall, Buddhist scriptures floor, band stand, room, warehouse, Welcome House, Lama monks living room and so on seven sections. Roof Jinding flash, indoor carpet luxury, color solemn and sacred statues. Lama Temple with three people, monks hundred people.
Fifth day of the first month is a tie, such as Temple, "Liang-min Wang," temple, to commemorate the famous Bon Lama passed away to heaven, this day as the whole monastery monks chanting monks must go to the temple, the local Tibetan people have to put on clean clothes to the temple shrine to express their sincere and earnest of religion and spiritual sanctity. May each year, "Ma Zi will be" is a bundle such as the temple's religious Festival. Will be the first 3 days, the whole Temple Lama Temple Chizhai chanting monks to be concentrated, rehearsal program. May 1, Jiuzhaigou and Songpan around, Zoige, packet block, big record, tower Tibet, Long Kang and other places of the Tibetans, play dress and make up, party bar, such as temples, to participate in celebrations, gifts Hada, watch Tibetan drama performance. Then small groups scattered in Emerald River, pine forest, sat on the floor and plain toast and friendship. Young men and women are both right, right into the dense forest Haishishanmeng, custom life.
Jiuzhaigou Tibetan ancestors, is the original benzene are believers. Bon Buddhism, although it was later defeated, and today the local Tibetan faith is both different from Indian Buddhism, but also different from the Central Plains of Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism. In today's annual rolling, such as Temple, Ma Zi conference, it is still wearing a King, Phantom immortal, protection of God such as Bon mask sorcerer's dance in the town surrendered evil demons. The surface has a giant tooth fangs, disheveled; some three-eyed staring eyes, eyebrows like flame; some head skeletons, ferocious ugly, they have gone beyond the traditional sense of the aesthetic content, showing a kind of grotesque beauty and stirring spiritual strength.
In the bundle, such as Temple and the village road, one can see the rows of varying height of the flag, as one of the dragon, the wind rolled, magnificent. The streamer is a long-Shu Zhang red, white, yellow and other colored fabrics or silk, printed texts, vertical hanging on the flagpole. According to historical records, far away in the Tubo Dynasty heyday, expedition constantly turn on side-year. Every expedition, the rulers in order to reward meritorious, Chin Chee-warrior, be inspired, in addition to Shangji jewelry, beautiful food, cattle and sheep wire horse, should also be donated to Hada, to show honor. The World War warriors are often donated by Hada, was placed in the accountant four weeks in order to Hideaki Kadoba. Later, Buddhism in Tibetan areas in order to obtain the status of supreme supreme, believers borrow that Tibetans have long been accepted by everyone started to promote religion. Claimed that as long as the scripture printed on cotton and silk textiles, high-hanging outside the room, clear to sun and the moon, took the chanting, you can achieve the construction of the line, and cover up the faults, repentant sin purposes. This means, so that Tibetan people have found spiritual sustenance, bring them some comfort. They want to give this access to God's very inviting sun, and warm spring wind, moisture and rain, fat cattle and sheep ... ... Therefore, the Tibetans were in the temples and around their houses hanging streamer customs, quenched now, is sustainable.
Access to Jiuzhaigou, one can see some of the Tibetan people, or Shouzhi a height of about 7 cm, 10 cm diameter circle, two small ears drooping Mani hand wheel, while continually rotating, one side mutter prayers, or come to Mani barrels before, indigo a turn barrel Ikutsune. Year after year, day after day, EON stop. It turned out that according to Buddhist law, where a rotating wheel or a hand-turn barrels, that is, when fertility through it again. If education by 1000 times, avoid sin, to obtain salvation, so some devout believers, is the Mani Mani hand wheel and stop the rotating drum has completed its own life. Their side turn a barrel roll round the side of mutter prayers, always "? Mani???" Repeatedly whisper to Yu. This six words, is Tibetan Buddhism, Shingon Lu'an the transliteration, which outlined all of Mahayana Buddhism, values and goals, Yin sixth mantra has been faithful as a satisfactory means of merit.
In Jiuzhaigou, one can also see the painting on the wall " "Word." "Is the ancient age, when many tribes a mantra, in the West Indies, Persia, Greece and other countries in history have there, and later followed by some ancient religions. At first, people see it as a symbol of fire or the sun, after by common people as a sign of prayer to worship and pray day objects. With the spread of Buddhism in ancient India, " "Word was introduced into China. The word of Buddhism in India, read as" shi-ri saddle blanket consultations Luo moment ", meaning" auspicious Haiyun phase ", which is present in the sea into the sky between the symbol of good fortune. Chinese Buddhism" "The translation of the word, there are two, the first is an earlier one by the Northern Wei Dynasty book, it translated as" 10000 "character, after the Tang Dynasty Xuan religion it translated as" virtue "of the word, emphasizing the Buddha's boundless beneficence. Then days later the Queen and then as the "10000", which means set the world of all merit. in Jiuzhaigou Tibetan monasteries and the homes, " "In the Tibetan language to read as" Yong in "is a noble, sacred, auspicious meaning, at the same time be considered is the expulsion of demons, blessed peace symbols.
When the visitors line to the tree is the village, you can see a pagoda, and in the vicinity of the tree is flying jade beads splashing waterfalls and clear blue sea of the tree is echoed groups, conduction out of a special cultural ideology. This pagoda is a living Buddhas of Tibetan Buddhist monks and spiritual sleep. Its architectural form and India, "points Stupa" type tower similar, from Tazuo, tower bottle, Tasha three parts. Tazuo was divided into upper and lower layers, the lower slightly larger, on behalf of "plagued this world" that is the meaning of the earth. The upper slightly smaller for the "Fun Wu-order path" refers to the process of reincarnation that is end point. Tower bottle is also composed of two parts, the lower part of the bottle body, known as "water polo." The upper part of the bottleneck for the "fire cone", also known as the "streamlining of the fire." Tasha is also the upper and lower two parts, the lower part of the tower under the care, sometimes called "breath" or "wind", the upper tower known as the "spirit" or "Spirit", blending refers to fluctuations in the spirit of or to be divorced from the material world of the Aura . This put the Buddhist "four circles" and "four to "---- earth, fire, water, air, set at the Pagoda in one. Believers can be a very intuitive entities to observe the birth of life death ---- ---- ---- born in the spirit of the life cycle of the wheel will never be exhaustive. Monk, Buddha's flesh buried tower, not only that they reverted to the "four circles" doctrine, and thus show that they "reincarnated", "reincarnation" of superhuman strength.