Mount Emei and Leshan Giant Buddha is located 31 kilometers east of Leshan City, according to Feng Lingyun Mountain Qixia chisel made Linjiang cliffs formed, also known as Lingyun Buddha, for seated Maitreya, is Leshan's most famous landscapes.
Buddha is 71 meters, is the world's tallest Buddha. Buddha head length 14.7 meters, the first 10 meters wide, shoulder width 24 meters, ears 7 meters long, side by side within two ears, feet wide and 8.5 meters, can seat hundreds of people, known as "Buddha is a mountain, mountain is a Buddha "said. December 1996 Mount Emei - Leshan Giant Buddha was included in UNESCO's heritage committee, "the World Heritage List."
Leshan Giant Buddha excavated in the early years of Xuanzong Kaiyuan (AD 713). At that time, Minjiang, Dadu, Qingyi this confluence of three rivers, flow straight into the foot Lingyun, unstoppable flood season water potential even stronger in the past often touch the vessel wall shattered. Seeing Haitong tipped Mingseng very uneasy build initiated by Buddha's mind and make a rock fall mitigation river water potential, two by Foli town water. Haitong raised 20 years, raised a sum of money, when a local official to come to bribes, Haitong rebuked: "Since the head can be cut out, the Buddha fiscal rare!" Gradually "self-ū? his head, and holding a tray of the letter." Haitong after the death of Wei Gao Jian Nan Chuanxi Jiedushi solicit craftsmen continue to dig, salt, hemp tax court also Zhaoci be funded, 90-year-Buddha finally been completed.
Lingyun Hill Road in accordance with Buddha hewn mountains, facing the Minjiang, Dadu and Qingyi the confluence, modeling solemn, despite the Millennium wind and frost is still comfortably in the rolling of the Minjiang River. People watch the first Buddha statue in the world, often only see the chisel on the appearance of the mountain, ask to see his hands sat knee position, but he can not see the site structure is real. In fact, careful study of his physical structure is very interesting. Leshan Giant Buddha with a set of cleverly designed, and hidden drainage system for the protection of Buddha play an important role. Buddha head in a total of 18 layers Luo Ji, the first four-layer, 9 layers and 18 layers each of a horizontal drains were made with a hammer gray Leiqi modified a distance, can not see. Collar and Yi Wen folds also have drains are there to the left chest and right arm also has drain connected to the back of the ditch. Ears by a cliff at the back, there are so interlinked caves; chest, dorsal ends of each of a hole, but did not dig each other pass, wet hole wall, the bottom of the water, there have been water hole Tang Chu, thus Buddha chest about 2 meters wide The soaking zone. These ditches, and caves, formed a scientific drainage, wet compartment and ventilation systems to prevent the erosion of weathering of the Buddha.
Buddha on the left edge of the cloud along the Plank Road can directly reach the bottom of the Big Buddha. In Buddha looked up, there will be Yang's Iyataka feeling. Seated on the right there is a 9 Ancient Plank Road. Plank Road along the right side of Buddha constructed by cliffs, strange extremely steep and tortuous nine turn, can only board the Plank Road at the top. Here is the head of the right side of Buddha, that is, Lingyun Mountain Peak. Here to view the Buddha head sculpture art. Buddha on top of hair, a total of Luoji 1021. From a distance, the hair and the head seamless, but in reality one by one with stones embedded on.
Buddha inside the roots of the right ear lobe, there is a deep hole about 25 centimeters, up to 7 meters of the Buddha ears, not the original rock chisel on, but use is made of wooden pillars, front of his gray decorated in order to hammer formed. Buddha was also found in the bottom of the hole in the nose, showing three pieces of wood, finished shape. Description uplift the nose, is also based on the wood lining, exterior gray hammer formed. Buddha of Tibetan chest a dirty hole closed. Stone is a reconstruction of the door closure Song Ning Pavilion Chronicle Canbei days. Hole was filled with scrap metal, old lead sheet, bricks and so on. After the completion of the Tang Dynasty Buddha is said to have built wooden Pavilion covering protection against sun and rain. From the Buddha edges, legs arms chest and instep on the remnants of a number of column bases and the pile holes had proven too large temples. Song reconstruction, known as "days rather Corner", the latter were destroyed. Maintenance of sea-teacher who moved to this hole to save Canbei Unfortunately, in later destroyed.
Buddha head in the right rear was built in the Tang Dynasty tipped, commonly known as a big temple. Temple has kings palace, Daewungjeon, and Buddhist scriptures House, three buildings.
Needless to say, clear a few hundred years since, the image suffering from the natural wind and rain, so Does the body scarred beyond recognition. In 1962, the Chinese government allocated special funds for comprehensive maintenance of the statue, which was the true capacity of a dignified and handsome only see a bright future, the future Buddha also approved as a national key cultural relics protection units. At present, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee and the domestic and international protection of cultural relics under the guidance of experts, this standing Buddha 1,200 years, the further maintenance of the world's protection work is being systematically launched.
Buddha solemn style, design cleverly, drainage facilities, and hidden it after the Millennium weathered, is still sitting in the surging river of the River, observing human and marshes, with a very high artistic value and rich cultural connotations, is the culture of the Chinese nation gem, is the world's historical and cultural legacy.